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Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle Dutch *āerdappel (cucumber, pumpkin), equivalent to aarde (soil, earth, ground) +‎ appel (apple), cognate with Middle Low German erdappel (modern Low German Erdappel), Old High German erdapful (pumpkin, squash, melon) (modern German Erdapfel (potato)), West Frisian ierappel (potato), Old English eorþæppel (cucumber) (rare modern English earthapple (potato)), Danish jordæble. Compare also French pomme de terre (potato), Luxembourgish Gromper (potato, literally ground pear), regional German Grundbirne (ground pear).

In the 16th and 17th centuries, used for various tubers and fruits that grow in or near the soil. Modern sense spread in the 18th century.


  • IPA(key): /ˈaːr.dɑ.pəl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: aard‧ap‧pel


aardappel m (plural aardappelen or aardappels, diminutive aardappeltje n)

  1. potato (vegetable)
  2. The potato plant species, Solanum tuberosum
    Synonym: aardappelplant
    Hypernym: nachtschade

Usage notes[edit]

  • Although the more common plural of appel is appels, not appelen, the more common plural of aardappel is aardappelen (at least in written style).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]