abreuver

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Vulgar Latin *abbiberō, from Latin bibō (to drink), undergoing the following phonological process: /abbiberāre/ > /abbirebāre/ > /abbirebajr/ > /abbreβajr/ >/abreββer/ > /abrewver/ > /abrœve/.

  • Vulgar Latin *abbiberāre underwent metathesis and changed to *abbirebāre, also because of dissimilation.
  • The i disappeared.
  • The second b softened to [β] and then became /wv/, making the word abreuver.
  • The eu regularly became [œ].

(The verbal suffix -āre went through the same stages of other verbs, ending with final r becoming silent.)

Compare Italian abbeverare, Portuguese abeberar, Spanish abrevar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /a.bʁœ.ve/
  • Rhymes: -e
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

abreuver

  1. (literary) to water (cattle, fields etc.), give water to (a person)
    Synonym: arroser
  2. (literary, takes a reflexive pronoun) to drink
  3. (figuratively, ditransitive, with the indirect object taking de) to shower (someone) in
    Elle l'a abreuvé d'injures.She insulted him copiously.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]