accidens

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Present active participle of accidō ‎(fall down or upon; happen).

Participle[edit]

accidēns m, f, n ‎(genitive accidentis); third declension

  1. falling down, upon, at or near, descending
  2. happening (to), taking place, occurring, befalling
Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative accidēns accidentēs accidentia
genitive accidentis accidentium
dative accidentī accidentibus
accusative accidentem accidēns accidentēs accidentia
ablative accidente, accidentī1 accidentibus
vocative accidēns accidentēs accidentia

1When used purely as an adjective.

Noun[edit]

accidēns n ‎(genitive accidentis); third declension

  1. accident, circumstance (chance event)
    • 1695, Teutsch-Lateinisches WörterBüchlein Zum Nutz und Ergötzung der Schuljugend zusammengetragen, Und mit 6000. darzu dienlichen Bildern gezieret. Deme noch über das eine kurtzgefaste Lateinische Sprach-Übung Und Zimliche Anzahl Auserlesener Sprüche beygefüget. — Dictionariolum germanico-latinum In Usum & delectationem Scholasticae Juventutis concinnatum, & aliquot millibus huic rei inservientibus Iconibus illustratum. Cui insuper accessit, Epitome Grammatices Latinae cum selectarum Sententiarum Farragine., Nuremberg (Nürnberg, Noriberga), p.197:
      Accidentia nominum sunt septem: Species, Figura, Persona, Genus, Declinatio, Numerus, & Casus.
      Accidents of nouns are seven: species, shape/figure, person, gender, declination, number, & case.
Inflection[edit]

This needs an inflection-table template.

The ablative singular might differ from the participle (-i or -e) but nominative plural not (both have -ia), cf. with the example above where it is "Accidentia nominum sunt ..." (Accidents of nouns are ...)

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative accidēns accidenta
genitive accidentis accidentum
dative accidentī accidentibus
accusative accidēns accidenta
ablative accidente accidentibus
vocative accidēns accidenta

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of the verb accīdō ‎(fell, cut down; use up; impair).

Participle[edit]

accīdēns

  1. using up, consuming, diminishing
  2. impairing, weakening, shattering
Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative accīdēns accīdentēs accīdentia
genitive accīdentis accīdentium
dative accīdentī accīdentibus
accusative accīdentem accīdēns accīdentēs accīdentia
ablative accīdente, accīdentī1 accīdentibus
vocative accīdēns accīdentēs accīdentia

1When used purely as an adjective.

References[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

accidens m

  1. plural of accident