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See also: Apocrypha


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From Middle English apocrypha, apocrifa, apocrif, from Late Latin apocryphus (secret, not approved for public reading), from Ancient Greek ἀπόκρυφος (apókruphos, hidden, obscure, thus “(books) of unknown authorship”), from ἀπό (apó, from) + κρύπτω (krúptō, I hide). Properly plural (the singular would be apocryphon), but commonly treated as a collective singular. “Apocryphal” meaning “of doubtful authenticity” is first attested in English in 1590.


  • IPA(key): /ʌˈpɑk.ɹə.fə/
  • (file)


apocrypha (plural apocryphas)

  1. Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority (formerly also used attributively).
    • a. 1704, John Locke, An Essay for the Understanding of St. Paul's Epistles
      But it may be objected, that these books being in the Jews' canon , ought to be acknowledged for divinely inspired , rather than the apocryphas that never were in it
    • 1975, Lee, Jung Young, The I Ching and Modern Man: Essays on Metaphysical Implications of Change[1], Secaucus, NJ: University Books, →ISBN, LCCN 74-28541, OCLC 1303700, OL 5063156M, page 24:
      Our entymological[sic, meaning etymological] approaches to the I or Change in the I Ching seem to confirm one of the well known apocryphas, I-Wei Ch'ien tso-tu.
    • 1976, Nonev, Bogomil, Petko Drenkov, transl., A Journey Through the Ages[2], Sofia Press, OCLC 943322046, OL 4482554M, page 41:
      Parts of the city were unearthed and we could clearly see an almost square citadel with massive walls and a deep moat, beyond which were the outer residential quarters, shopping centre, etc. This made me think of an apocrypha of the Bogomil teaching: 'I, the prophet Isaiah, blessed among the prophets by our Lord God Jesus Christ, have come by the Will of God to tell you what will happen in the last days of the human race...' He was talking of an uncertain future, while here before us we had a tale of realities of the past.
    • 1993, Goodison, Lorna, “We Are the Women”, in Maura Healy, editor, Quartet of Poems[3], Longman, →ISBN, OCLC 258080251, OL 21546520M, page 92:
      We are the women
      with thread bags
      anchored deep in our bosoms
      containing blood agreements
      silver coins and cloves of garlic
      and an apocrypha
      of Nanny’s secrets.
    • 2020 June 8, Smith, Rory, “The Shirts Were Red. The Fans Were All White.”, in New York Times[4], archived from the original on June 8, 2020:
      The story of the Arsenal mural has drifted, over the years, into something more closely resembling a myth. What should be straightforward details are now shrouded in fog, tangled by apocrypha.

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  1. nominative feminine singular of apocryphus
  2. nominative neuter plural of apocryphus
  3. accusative neuter plural of apocryphus
  4. vocative feminine singular of apocryphus
  5. vocative neuter plural of apocryphus



  1. ablative feminine singular of apocryphus