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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of *h₂erǵ- ‎(white). Cognates include Faliscan arcentelu ‎(silver), Old Irish argat ‎(silver), Welsh arian ‎(silver), Ancient Greek ἀργός ‎(argós, shining white, bright, glistening), ἄργυρος ‎(árguros, silver) and Sanskrit अर्जुन ‎(árjuna, white, clear) and रजत ‎(rajatá, silver), Avestan 𐬀𐬙𐬀𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆 ‎(ərəzata, silver), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 ‎(ardata, silver), and possibly Old Armenian արծաթ ‎(arcatʿ).



argentum n ‎(genitive argentī); second declension

  1. silver (metal)
    • Tacitus Germania, chapter 5 (translation M. Hutton).
      Argentum et aurum propitiine an irati di negaverint dubito.
      The gods have denied them gold and silver, whether in mercy or wrath I find it hard to say.
  2. (by extension) a silvern thing


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative argentum argenta
genitive argentī argentōrum
dative argentō argentīs
accusative argentum argenta
ablative argentō argentīs
vocative argentum argenta

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  • argentum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • argentum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ARGENTUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • argentum” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • coined money; bullion: aes (argentum) signatum
    • silver plate: argentum (factum) (Verr. 5. 25. 63)
  • argentum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • argentum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin


Chemical element
Ag Previous: paladium (Pd)
Next: kadmium (Cd)


From Latin argentum, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ-.

Alternative forms[edit]


  • IPA(key): [a(r)ɡɛntom], [a(r)ɡɛntəm], [a(r)d͡ʒɛntəm]
  • Rhymes: -tom, -om


argentum ‎(Jawi spelling ارݢينتوم)

  1. silver (metal)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Usually used in scientific contexts compared to perak.