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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of *h₂erǵ- (white). Cognates include Faliscan arcentelu (silver), Old Irish argat (silver), Welsh arian (silver), Ancient Greek ἀργός (argós, shining white, bright, glistening), ἄργυρος (árguros, silver) and Sanskrit अर्जुन (árjuna, white, clear) and रजत (rajatá, silver), Avestan 𐬀𐬙𐬀𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆 (ərəzata, silver), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 (ardata, silver), and possibly Old Armenian արծաթ (arcatʿ).



argentum n (genitive argentī); second declension

  1. silver (metal, element)
    • Tacitus Germania, chapter 5 (translation M. Hutton).
      Argentum et aurum propitiine an irati di negaverint dubito.
      The gods have denied them gold and silver, whether in mercy or wrath I find it hard to say.
  2. (by extension) a silver thing


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative argentum argenta
genitive argentī argentōrum
dative argentō argentīs
accusative argentum argenta
ablative argentō argentīs
vocative argentum argenta

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  • argentum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • argentum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “argentum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • argentum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • coined money; bullion: aes (argentum) signatum
    • silver plate: argentum (factum) (Verr. 5. 25. 63)
  • argentum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • argentum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin


Chemical element
Ag Previous: paladium (Pd)
Next: kadmium (Cd)


From Latin argentum, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ-.

Alternative forms[edit]


  • IPA(key): [a(r)ɡɛntom], [a(r)ɡɛntəm], [a(r)d͡ʒɛntəm]
  • Rhymes: -tom, -om


argentum (Jawi spelling ارݢينتوم)

  1. silver (metal)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Usually used in scientific contexts compared to perak.