argentum

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Latin[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of *h₂erǵ- ‎(white). Cognates include Faliscan arcentelu ‎(silver), Old Irish argat ‎(silver), Welsh arian ‎(silver), Ancient Greek ἀργός ‎(argós, shining white, bright, glistening), ἄργυρος ‎(árguros, silver) and ἀργέντινος ‎(argéntinos, silvery), Sanskrit अर्जुन ‎(árjuna, white, clear) and रजत ‎(rajatá, silver), Avestan 𐬀𐬙𐬀𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆 ‎(ərəzata, silver), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 ‎(ardata, silver), and possibly Old Armenian արծաթ ‎(arcatʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

argentum n ‎(genitive argentī); second declension

  1. silver (metal)
    • Tacitus Germania, chapter 5 (translation M. Hutton).
      Argentum et aurum propitiine an irati di negaverint dubito.
      The gods have denied them gold and silver, whether in mercy or wrath I find it hard to say.
  2. (by extension) a silvern thing

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative argentum argenta
genitive argentī argentōrum
dative argentō argentīs
accusative argentum argenta
ablative argentō argentīs
vocative argentum argenta

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Malay[edit]

Chemical element
Ag Previous: paladium (Pd)
Next: kadmium (Cd)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin argentum, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [a(r)ɡɛntom], [a(r)ɡɛntəm], [a(r)d͡ʒɛntəm]
  • Rhymes: -tom, -om

Noun[edit]

argentum ‎(Jawi spelling ارݢينتوم)

  1. silver (metal)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Usually used in scientific contexts compared to perak.

Synonyms[edit]