aridus

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ārdus (less common, contracted form)

Etymology[edit]

From the verb āreo ‎(I am dry, I am parched), akin to ārdeō ‎(I'm on fire, I burn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

āridus m ‎(feminine ārida, neuter āridum); first/second declension

  1. dry, parched, withered, arid
    Montes aridi sterilesque.
    Parched and barren mountains.
    Arida ligna.
    Dry wood.
    Terra arida et sicca.
    An arid and dry ground.
  2. (of things) dry, lean, meagre, shrivelled; withered (e.g. from disease)
    Uvis aridior puella passis.[1]
    A damsel drier than the raisin'd grape.
    Vita horrida atque arida.
    Rough and meagre life.
  3. (rhetorical style, orators) uninspired, jejune, spiritless
    Aridi magistri.
    Uninspired teachers.
    Sicci omnino atque aridi pueri.
    Sapless lads, altogether, and dry.
  4. (slang) avaricious, someone greedy or stingy (confer the tongue-in-cheek term Argentiexterebronides ‎(the name of one who is skilled in extorting money; a sponger))

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sometimes used of thirst; sitis arida guttor urit ‎(thirst unquenched still burns all his throat) and os aridum habens ‎(having a dry mouth)
  • Of a fever meaning to "cause thirst"; used with febris ‎(fever) and morbus ‎(sickness, illness)
  • Of color; arbor folio convoluto, arido colore.
  • Also used of cracking or snapping sound, as when dry wood is broken; aridus sonus and aridus fragor both refer to a a dry, grating, half-crackling sound, as in aridus altis Montibus incipit audiri fragor ‎(a dry crackling noise begins to be heard in the high mountain forest)

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative āridus ārida āridum āridī āridae ārida
genitive āridī āridae āridī āridōrum āridārum āridōrum
dative āridō āridō āridīs
accusative āridum āridam āridum āridōs āridās ārida
ablative āridō āridā āridō āridīs
vocative āride ārida āridum āridī āridae ārida

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • aridus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • aridus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the dry, lifeless style: oratio exilis, ieiuna, arida, exsanguis
    • to haul up a boat: navem subducere (in aridum)