bdellium

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin bdellium, from Ancient Greek βδέλλιον (bdéllion), itself perhaps from Hebrew בְּדֹלַח (bdólakh), cognate with Akkadian 𒁉𒁺𒌨𒄷 (bidurḫu) or from Sanskrit भिदुर (bhidura, something brittle, fragile, easily split or broken).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɛl.iˌʌm/
  • IPA(key): /ˈdɛliəm/
  • IPA(key): /ˈb(ə)dɛliəm/ (nonstandard)
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Noun[edit]

bdellium (countable and uncountable, plural bdelliums)

  1. Probably an aromatic gum like balsam that was exuded from a tree, probably one of several species in the genus Commiphora.
    • 1611, King James Version, Genesis 2:10–12:
      And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek βδέλλιον (bdéllion), see above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bdellium n (genitive bdelliī); second declension

  1. Probably an aromatic gum exuded from a tree, probably one of several species in the genus Commiphora, used as an adulterant of the more costly myrrh.
  1. The plant itself.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative bdellium bdellia
genitive bdelliī bdelliōrum
dative bdelliō bdelliīs
accusative bdellium bdellia
ablative bdelliō bdelliīs
vocative bdellium bdellia

References[edit]