brónach

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See also: brònach

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish brónach; synchronically, brón (sorrow) +‎ -ach (adjectival suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

brónach (genitive singular masculine brónaigh, genitive singular feminine brónaí, plural brónacha, comparative brónaí)

  1. sad, sorrowful
    Synonyms: aiféalach, buartha

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
brónach bhrónach mbrónach
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "brónach" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • brónach” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “brónach” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “brónach” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From brón +‎ -ach.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

brónach (comparative brónchu)

  1. sad, sorrowful; grievous
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 16b18
      "ni brónach donintarrái" glosses refectus est spiritus eius
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 86d7
      bronchu glosses tristiora

Declension[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative brónach brónach brónach
Vocative brónaig*
brónach**
Accusative brónach brónaig
Genitive brónaig brónaige brónaig
Dative brónuch brónaig brónuch
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative brónaig brónacha
Vocative brónachu
brónacha
Accusative brónachu
brónacha
Genitive brónach
Dative brónachaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
brónach brónach
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbrónach
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • brónach” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.