bruņas

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Latvian[edit]

Tanka bruņas (3)
Bruņuvilciens (4)
Bruņurupuča bruņas (2)
Bruņas (1)

Etymology[edit]

Together with its Old Prussian cognate brunyos, a borrowing either from Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌾𐍉 (brunjō, breastplate) or from Old High German brunja (breastplate) (compare German Brünne (coat of mail, mail shirt)), either directly, or via a Slavic language (compare Old Church Slavonic брънѩ (brŭnję), Russian броня (bronja, bronjá)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

bruņas f (4th declension) (plural only)

  1. (history) armor (metal suit or cover that protects the body or a part of it during fights)
    tērauda, dzelzs bruņas — steel, iron armor
    galvas, krūšu, roku bruņas — head, chest, arm armor
    kaldināt bruņas — to forge an armor
    uzvilkt bruņas — to put on an armor
    bruņās tērpts jātnieks — a knight dressed in armor
  2. (zoology) protective layer or shell on animals, often made of bone or horn
    kaula bruņas — bone protective layer
    bruņurupuča bruņas — turtle shell
  3. (military) armor (protective layer of metal which covers warships, military equipment, etc.)
    kreisera, tanka bruņas — cruiser, tank armor
  4. (usually in genitive) armored, provided with a protective metal layer
    bruņu vilciens, bruņuvilciens — armored train
    bruņu cepure, bruņucepure — helmet, hard hat (lit. armored hat)
    bruņu krekls, tērps — armored shirt, vest

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “bruņas” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.