céile

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See also: cèile and -cèile

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish céile, from Primitive Irish ᚉᚓᚂᚔ (celi, follower, devotee (genitive)), from Proto-Celtic *kēlyos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

céile m (genitive céile, nominative plural céilí)

  1. companion
  2. spouse

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
céile chéile gcéile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Primitive Irish ᚉᚓᚂᚔ (celi, follower, devotee (genitive)), from Proto-Celtic *kēlyos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

céile m (io-stem, genitive singular céili, dative singular céiliu)

  1. servant, bondsman, subject
  2. (law) liege, vassal, the recipient of a fief
  3. fellow, companion, neighbour
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, Ml. 59a15
      huadsom dia cheliu
      from himself to his fellow
  4. husband
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, Ml. 125a2
      amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili
  5. (rare) wife
  6. (pronominally) one, the other
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, Wb. 6d4
      íroimed cách achéele per caritatem
      glosses suscipite uos nuicem

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
céile chéile céile
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin [1]