céile

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See also: cèile and -cèile

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish céile, from Primitive Irish ᚉᚓᚂᚔ (celi, follower, devotee (genitive)), from Proto-Celtic *kēlyos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

céile m (genitive singular céile, nominative plural céilí)

  1. companion
  2. spouse

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
céile chéile gcéile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Primitive Irish ᚉᚓᚂᚔ (celi, follower, devotee (genitive)), from Proto-Celtic *kēlyos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

céile m (io-stem, genitive singular céili, dative singular céiliu)

  1. servant, bondsman, subject
  2. (law) liege, vassal, the recipient of a fief
  3. fellow, companion, neighbour
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 59a15
      huadsom dia cheliu
      from himself to his fellow
  4. husband
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 125a2
      amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili
  5. (rare) wife
  6. (pronominally) one, the other
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 6d4
      íroimed cách achéele per caritatem
      glosses suscipite uos nuicem

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
céile chéile céile
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "céile" in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.