From Scottish Gaelic ceatharn (“troop”), ceathairne (“peasantry, yeomanry”).
cateran (plural caterans)
- (historical) A Highlander working as a professional fighter; a mercenary attached to a Scottish clan.
1932, Lewis Grassic Gibbon, Sunset Song:
- And the great-grandson of Cospatric, he joined the English against the cateran Wallace […].
- 2009, John Sadler, Glencoe, Amberley 2009, p. 41:
- They found the hire of lawyers more cost-effective than the maintenance of caterans.
- A freebooter, marauder.