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- enPR: kŏm'-pəz-ĭshʹ-ən-əl, IPA(key): /ˌkɒm.pəz.ˈɪʃ.ən.əl/
- Hyphenation: com‧pos‧it‧ion‧al
- Rhymes: -ɪʃənəl
- Of or pertaining to composition.
- The compositional aspects of this work are less than ideal.
- (linguistics) Being the sum of its parts.
- The phrase "sum of its parts" is entirely compositional.
- 1979, Edward S. Klima & Ursula Bellugi, The Signs of Language, page 202:
- A wet súit meaning a suit that is wet is a compositional phrase; a wét suit meaning a garment worn by skin divers is a compound.
- 2003, Jean Boase-Beier & Ken R. Lodge, The German Language: A Linguistic Introduction, page 153:
- We have already noted that compounds tend to have meanings that are not entirely compositional and would therefore need to be listed.
- 2004, Sergei Nirenburg & Victor Raskin, Ontological Semantics, page 106:
- Sentence meaning is compositional because, to a large extent, it depends on a combination of the meanings of sentence constituents, which implies the concept of semantic structure.
- James Myers, Wordhood and Disyllabicity in Chinese:
- To cite a textbook example, white house and White House are both written with internal spaces, but the first is argued to be a phrase because it is semantically compositional and has phrase-final stress, while the latter is argued to be a word because it has noncompositional semantics and compound-initial stress.
- Antonym: noncompositional