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Alternative forms[edit]


corcur (uncountable)

  1. A particular reddish-purple dye.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • cocuir (St. Gall Priscian glosses misspelling)


From Latin purpura. The appearance of /k/ for the original Latin /p/ indicates a very early borrowing before /p/ was reintroduced into Goidelic; probably through a Primitive Irish stage where the Primitive phoneme /kʷ/ was used for this purpose (compare cruimther (priest), from Latin presbyter).



corcur f

  1. The colour purple or crimson and their dyes.
    • c. 850-875, Turin Glosses and Scholia on St. Mark, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 484–94, Tur. 115
      .i. donaib caircib .i. ar is dilus bis forsnaib caircib do·gnither in chorcur buide.
      From the crags, i.e. because it is from a plant that lives on the crags that the yellowish purple is made.


Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative corcurL
Vocative corcurL
Accusative corcuirN
Genitive corcraeH
Dative corcuirL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]


  • Middle Irish: corcair


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
corcur chorcur corcur
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]