coudre

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Champenois[edit]

Noun[edit]

coudre

  1. (Auve) elbow

References[edit]

  • Tarbé, Prosper (1851) Recherches sur l'histoire du langage et des patois de Champagne[1] (in French), volume 1, Reims, page 109

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French cosdre, coudre, from Vulgar Latin *cōsō, from Latin cōnsuō. The voicing on -d- is caused by earlier voicing on *-s- < -ns- to *-z- intervocalically (happens inconsistently when a unstressed vowel in internal syllables is deleted) with an epenthetic voiced -d- added, later *-z- devoiced to -s- in syllable finals, and the letter unusually removed in the orthography instead of becoming *coûdre.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kudʁ/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

coudre

  1. to sew
  2. to mend

Conjugation[edit]

This verb is conjugated like rendre, except that its stem is coud- in only part of the conjugation. Before endings that begin with vowels, the stem cous- (with a /-z-/ sound) is used instead; for example, nous cousons, not *nous coudons.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old French[edit]

Verb[edit]

coudre

  1. Alternative form of cosdre

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has a distinct stressed present stem, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

References[edit]

  • “Appendix E: Irregular Verbs” in E. Einhorn (1974), Old French: A Concise Handbook, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 151