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From Anglo-Norman creanceour, Old French creanceor, from creancer.


creancer (plural creancers)

  1. (obsolete) A creditor. [14th-18th c.]
  2. (now historical) A guardian or tutor. [from 15th c.]
    • 1984, Nicholas Orme, From Childhood to Chivalry, p. 68:
      The creancer looked after the young man's money, disciplined him and perhaps gave him some teaching, though the youth went also to the lectures provided by the university and later by the colleges.
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, p. 104:
      As Prince Henry's ‘creancer’ or mentor, he had power over the development of the young prince's mind.

Middle French[edit]


Old French [Term?], from creance +‎ -er.



  1. to promise


  • As parler except c becomes ç before a and o. May remain c in older manuscripts.
  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.


  • creancer on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330-1500) (in French)
  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (creancer)