dudula

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Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-dudula?

  1. (transitive) to push

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-dudula?

  1. (transitive) to push away
  2. (transitive) to repel, to repulse, to beat back, to drive back

Inflection[edit]

Tone unknown
Infinitive ukududula
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukududula ukungaduduli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular dudula -dudule
Plural dudulani -duduleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyadudula, ngidudula engidudulayo, engidudula ngidudula angiduduli engingaduduli ngingaduduli
2nd singular uyadudula, ududula odudulayo, odudula ududula awududuli ongaduduli ungaduduli
1st plural siyadudula, sidudula esidudulayo, esidudula sidudula asiduduli esingaduduli singaduduli
2nd plural niyadudula, nidudula enidudulayo, enidudula nidudula aniduduli eningaduduli ningaduduli
Class 1 uyadudula, ududula odudulayo, odudula edudula akaduduli ongaduduli engaduduli
Class 2 bayadudula, badudula abadudulayo, abadudula bedudula abaduduli abangaduduli bengaduduli
Class 3 uyadudula, ududula odudulayo, odudula ududula awududuli ongaduduli ungaduduli
Class 4 iyadudula, idudula edudulayo, edudula idudula ayiduduli engaduduli ingaduduli
Class 5 liyadudula, lidudula elidudulayo, elidudula lidudula aliduduli elingaduduli lingaduduli
Class 6 ayadudula, adudula adudulayo, adudula edudula awaduduli angaduduli engaduduli
Class 7 siyadudula, sidudula esidudulayo, esidudula sidudula asiduduli esingaduduli singaduduli
Class 8 ziyadudula, zidudula ezidudulayo, ezidudula zidudula aziduduli ezingaduduli zingaduduli
Class 9 iyadudula, idudula edudulayo, edudula idudula ayiduduli engaduduli ingaduduli
Class 10 ziyadudula, zidudula ezidudulayo, ezidudula zidudula aziduduli ezingaduduli zingaduduli
Class 11 luyadudula, lududula olududulayo, olududula lududula alududuli olungaduduli lungaduduli
Class 14 buyadudula, bududula obududulayo, obududula bududula abududuli obungaduduli bungaduduli
Class 15 kuyadudula, kududula okududulayo, okududula kududula akududuli okungaduduli kungaduduli
Class 17 kuyadudula, kududula okududulayo, okududula kududula akududuli okungaduduli kungaduduli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngidudulile, ngidudulē engidudulile, engidudulē ngidudulile, ngidudulē angidudulanga engingadudulanga ngingadudulanga
2nd singular ududulile, ududulē odudulile, odudulē ududulile, ududulē awududulanga ongadudulanga ungadudulanga
1st plural sidudulile, sidudulē esidudulile, esidudulē sidudulile, sidudulē asidudulanga esingadudulanga singadudulanga
2nd plural nidudulile, nidudulē enidudulile, enidudulē nidudulile, nidudulē anidudulanga eningadudulanga ningadudulanga
Class 1 ududulile, ududulē odudulile, odudulē edudulile, edudulē akadudulanga ongadudulanga engadudulanga
Class 2 badudulile, badudulē abadudulile, abadudulē bedudulile, bedudulē abadudulanga abangadudulanga bengadudulanga
Class 3 ududulile, ududulē odudulile, odudulē ududulile, ududulē awududulanga ongadudulanga ungadudulanga
Class 4 idudulile, idudulē edudulile, edudulē idudulile, idudulē ayidudulanga engadudulanga ingadudulanga
Class 5 lidudulile, lidudulē elidudulile, elidudulē lidudulile, lidudulē alidudulanga elingadudulanga lingadudulanga
Class 6 adudulile, adudulē adudulile, adudulē edudulile, edudulē awadudulanga angadudulanga engadudulanga
Class 7 sidudulile, sidudulē esidudulile, esidudulē sidudulile, sidudulē asidudulanga esingadudulanga singadudulanga
Class 8 zidudulile, zidudulē ezidudulile, ezidudulē zidudulile, zidudulē azidudulanga ezingadudulanga zingadudulanga
Class 9 idudulile, idudulē edudulile, edudulē idudulile, idudulē ayidudulanga engadudulanga ingadudulanga
Class 10 zidudulile, zidudulē ezidudulile, ezidudulē zidudulile, zidudulē azidudulanga ezingadudulanga zingadudulanga
Class 11 lududulile, lududulē olududulile, olududulē lududulile, lududulē alududulanga olungadudulanga lungadudulanga
Class 14 bududulile, bududulē obududulile, obududulē bududulile, bududulē abududulanga obungadudulanga bungadudulanga
Class 15 kududulile, kududulē okududulile, okududulē kududulile, kududulē akududulanga okungadudulanga kungadudulanga
Class 17 kududulile, kududulē okududulile, okududulē kududulile, kududulē akududulanga okungadudulanga kungadudulanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngādudula engādudula ngādudula angidudulanga engingadudulanga ngingadudulanga
2nd singular wādudula owādudula wādudula awududulanga ongadudulanga ungadudulanga
1st plural sādudula esādudula sādudula asidudulanga esingadudulanga singadudulanga
2nd plural nādudula enādudula nādudula anidudulanga eningadudulanga ningadudulanga
Class 1 wādudula owādudula ādudula akadudulanga ongadudulanga engadudulanga
Class 2 bādudula abādudula bādudula abadudulanga abangadudulanga bengadudulanga
Class 3 wādudula owādudula wādudula awududulanga ongadudulanga ungadudulanga
Class 4 yādudula eyādudula yādudula ayidudulanga engadudulanga ingadudulanga
Class 5 lādudula elādudula lādudula alidudulanga elingadudulanga lingadudulanga
Class 6 ādudula ādudula ādudula awadudulanga angadudulanga engadudulanga
Class 7 sādudula esādudula sādudula asidudulanga esingadudulanga singadudulanga
Class 8 zādudula ezādudula zādudula azidudulanga ezingadudulanga zingadudulanga
Class 9 yādudula eyādudula yādudula ayidudulanga engadudulanga ingadudulanga
Class 10 zādudula ezādudula zādudula azidudulanga ezingadudulanga zingadudulanga
Class 11 lwādudula olwādudula lwādudula alududulanga olungadudulanga lungadudulanga
Class 14 bādudula obādudula bādudula abududulanga obungadudulanga bungadudulanga
Class 15 kwādudula okwādudula kwādudula akududulanga okungadudulanga kungadudulanga
Class 17 kwādudula okwādudula kwādudula akududulanga okungadudulanga kungadudulanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingadudula ngingadudula ngingedudule ngingedudule
2nd singular ungadudula ungadudula ungedudule ungedudule
1st plural singadudula singadudula singedudule singedudule
2nd plural ningadudula ningadudula ningedudule ningedudule
Class 1 angadudula engadudula angedudule engedudule
Class 2 bangadudula bengadudula bangedudule bengedudule
Class 3 ungadudula ungadudula ungedudule ungedudule
Class 4 ingadudula ingadudula ingedudule ingedudule
Class 5 lingadudula lingadudula lingedudule lingedudule
Class 6 angadudula engadudula angedudule engedudule
Class 7 singadudula singadudula singedudule singedudule
Class 8 zingadudula zingadudula zingedudule zingedudule
Class 9 ingadudula ingadudula ingedudule ingedudule
Class 10 zingadudula zingadudula zingedudule zingedudule
Class 11 lungadudula lungadudula lungedudule lungedudule
Class 14 bungadudula bungadudula bungedudule bungedudule
Class 15 kungadudula kungadudula kungedudule kungedudule
Class 17 kungadudula kungadudula kungedudule kungedudule
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizodudula engizodudula ngizodudula angizududula engingezududula ngingezududula
2nd singular uzodudula ozodudula uzodudula awuzududula ongezududula ungezududula
1st plural sizodudula esizodudula sizodudula asizududula esingezududula singezududula
2nd plural nizodudula enizodudula nizodudula anizududula eningezududula ningezududula
Class 1 uzodudula ozodudula ezodudula akazududula ongezududula engezududula
Class 2 bazodudula abazodudula bezodudula abazududula abangezududula bengezududula
Class 3 uzodudula ozodudula uzodudula awuzududula ongezududula ungezududula
Class 4 izodudula ezodudula izodudula ayizududula engezududula ingezududula
Class 5 lizodudula elizodudula lizodudula alizududula elingezududula lingezududula
Class 6 azodudula azodudula ezodudula awazududula angezududula engezududula
Class 7 sizodudula esizodudula sizodudula asizududula esingezududula singezududula
Class 8 zizodudula ezizodudula zizodudula azizududula ezingezududula zingezududula
Class 9 izodudula ezodudula izodudula ayizududula engezududula ingezududula
Class 10 zizodudula ezizodudula zizodudula azizududula ezingezududula zingezududula
Class 11 luzodudula oluzodudula luzodudula aluzududula olungezududula lungezududula
Class 14 buzodudula obuzodudula buzodudula abuzududula obungezududula bungezududula
Class 15 kuzodudula okuzodudula kuzodudula akuzududula okungezududula kungezududula
Class 17 kuzodudula okuzodudula kuzodudula akuzududula okungezududula kungezududula
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyodudula engiyodudula ngiyodudula angiyududula engingeyududula ngingeyududula
2nd singular uyodudula oyodudula uyodudula awuyududula ongeyududula ungeyududula
1st plural siyodudula esiyodudula siyodudula asiyududula esingeyududula singeyududula
2nd plural niyodudula eniyodudula niyodudula aniyududula eningeyududula ningeyududula
Class 1 uyodudula oyodudula eyodudula akayududula ongeyududula engeyududula
Class 2 bayodudula abayodudula beyodudula abayududula abangeyududula bengeyududula
Class 3 uyodudula oyodudula uyodudula awuyududula ongeyududula ungeyududula
Class 4 iyodudula eyodudula iyodudula ayiyududula engeyududula ingeyududula
Class 5 liyodudula eliyodudula liyodudula aliyududula elingeyududula lingeyududula
Class 6 ayodudula ayodudula eyodudula awayududula angeyududula engeyududula
Class 7 siyodudula esiyodudula siyodudula asiyududula esingeyududula singeyududula
Class 8 ziyodudula eziyodudula ziyodudula aziyududula ezingeyududula zingeyududula
Class 9 iyodudula eyodudula iyodudula ayiyududula engeyududula ingeyududula
Class 10 ziyodudula eziyodudula ziyodudula aziyududula ezingeyududula zingeyududula
Class 11 luyodudula oluyodudula luyodudula aluyududula olungeyududula lungeyududula
Class 14 buyodudula obuyodudula buyodudula abuyududula obungeyududula bungeyududula
Class 15 kuyodudula okuyodudula kuyodudula akuyududula okungeyududula kungeyududula
Class 17 kuyodudula okuyodudula kuyodudula akuyududula okungeyududula kungeyududula
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngidudule ngingaduduli
2nd singular ududule ungaduduli
1st plural sidudule singaduduli
2nd plural nidudule ningaduduli
Class 1 adudule angaduduli
Class 2 badudule bangaduduli
Class 3 ududule ungaduduli
Class 4 idudule ingaduduli
Class 5 lidudule lingaduduli
Class 6 adudule angaduduli
Class 7 sidudule singaduduli
Class 8 zidudule zingaduduli
Class 9 idudule ingaduduli
Class 10 zidudule zingaduduli
Class 11 lududule lungaduduli
Class 14 bududule bungaduduli
Class 15 kududule kungaduduli
Class 17 kududule kungaduduli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngadudula ngangadudula, angadudula, angangadudula
2nd singular wadudula wangadudula, awadudula, awangadudula
1st plural sadudula sangadudula, asadudula, asangadudula
2nd plural nadudula nangadudula, anadudula, anangadudula
Class 1 wadudula wangadudula, akadudula, akangadudula
Class 2 badudula bangadudula, abadudula, abangadudula
Class 3 wadudula wangadudula, awadudula, awangadudula
Class 4 yadudula yangadudula, ayadudula, ayangadudula
Class 5 ladudula langadudula, aladudula, alangadudula
Class 6 adudula angadudula, awadudula, awangadudula
Class 7 sadudula sangadudula, asadudula, asangadudula
Class 8 zadudula zangadudula, azadudula, azangadudula
Class 9 yadudula yangadudula, ayadudula, ayangadudula
Class 10 zadudula zangadudula, azadudula, azangadudula
Class 11 lwadudula lwangadudula, alwadudula, alwangadudula
Class 14 badudula bangadudula, abadudula, abangadudula
Class 15 kwadudula kwangadudula, akwadudula, akwangadudula
Class 17 kwadudula kwangadudula, akwadudula, akwangadudula

References[edit]