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See also: Fagus


fāgus (beech tree)


From Proto-Italic *fāgos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos (beech tree), same source as English beech, Russian бузина́ (buziná, elder), Ancient Greek φηγός (phēgós, oak).



fāgus f (genitive fāgī); second declension

  1. beech tree
    • Vergilius; found in both Georgicon (Book IV, line 566) and Eclogae (Book I, line 1)
      Sub tegmine fagi.
      Under the shade of a beech tree.


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fāgus fāgī
Genitive fāgī fāgōrum
Dative fāgō fāgīs
Accusative fāgum fāgōs
Ablative fāgō fāgīs
Vocative fāge fāgī

Derived terms[edit]


  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: fag
    • Romanian: fag
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
    • Aragonese: fau, favo (most dialects)
      Belsetán: faus
      Benasqués: fago
      Sobrarbe: fago
    • Catalan: fau (northwestern and Ribagorçan)
    • Occitan: fau (most dialects)
      Gascon: hau, hac
  • Insular Romance:
  • Vulgar Latin: *fāgārius
  • Ancient borrowings:
  • Translingual: Fagus


  • fagus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fagus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fagus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • fagus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette