falloir

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French faloir, from an earlier falleir, from a changing of Old French faillir after its third person singular, faut, earlier falt (from Latin fallit), based off the model of valoir. Faillir derives in turn from Vulgar Latin *fallīre, from Latin fallere, fallō. Compare Franco-Provençal falêr from a similar development in Old Franco-Provençal.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fa.lwaʁ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -waʁ

Verb[edit]

falloir (defective)

  1. (impersonal) to need, have to, to be necessary (that)
    Il faut que j'y aille
    I need to go.
    Faut que j'y aille.
    Got to go.
    Il ne faut pas que tu dises ça.
    You don’t have to say that.
    Il a tout ce qu'il te faut.
    He has everything that you need.
    • 2004, David Mitchell, Cloud Altas, Sceptre:
      Et si vous nuisez à ma réputation, eh bien, il faudra que je ruine la vôtre.
      And if you ruin my reputation, well, I'll have to ruin yours.
  2. to take (time)
    Synonym: (informal) prendre
    • 2020, Vincent Furnelle, Le paysage et son double, p. 23
      Il leur a fallu des années pour obtenir le permis de bâtir, des années encore pour faire les travaux, qui sont encore en cours.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 2018, Jacques Travers, La Divine Espionne: La mystérieuse Combattante de l'Ombre, p. 288
      Elle doit quitter Peenemünde vers vingt-deux heures car elle doit mettre en place un essai pour le lendemain et il ne devrait pas lui falloir plus d'une heure et demie pour arriver à Hambourg.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1943, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Le Petit Prince:
      Il me fallut longtemps pour comprendre d'où il venait.
      It took me a long time to understand where he came from.
  3. (reflexive, with en) to be missing

Conjugation[edit]

This verb is defective, only conjugated in the third-person singular. This verb is impersonal and is conjugated only in the third-person singular.

This verb is defective, only conjugated in the third-person singular. This verb is impersonal and is conjugated only in the third-person singular.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]