fluvius

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root of fluō (flow), ultimately from *bʰleh₁- (to swell, blow), whence also flūmen.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈflu.u̯i.us/, [ˈfɫ̪uː̯iʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈflu.vi.us/, [ˈfluːvius]
  • Note: the first two syllables are once found treated as one heavy, IPA(key): /flui̯.i̯-/, /fluː.i̯-/.[1]

Noun[edit]

fluvius m (genitive fluviī or fluvī); second declension

  1. a stream, smaller river
  2. the stream of a river, a current, torrent
    1. (transferred sense) (said of blood, sweat etc.)

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fluvius fluviī
Genitive fluviī
fluvī1
fluviōrum
fluvium
Dative fluviō fluviīs
Accusative fluvium fluviōs
Ablative fluviō fluviīs
Vocative fluvie fluviī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: fleuve
  • Romanian: fluviu

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • fluvius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fluvius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fluvius in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • fluvius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette