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From Middle English forthinken, forthynken ‎(to displease, cause to regret), corresponding to for- ‎(mis-) +‎ think ‎(to seem, appear), from Old English þyncan ‎(to seem, appear); see methinks. Cognate with Middle High German verdunken ‎(to displease), Icelandic forþykkja ‎(to displease). Compare also Old English forþencan ‎(to mistrust, despise, despair), Dutch verdenken ‎(to suspect), German verdenken ‎(to blame).


forthink ‎(third-person singular simple present forthinks, present participle forthinking, simple past and past participle forthought)

  1. (transitive, obsolete, impersonal) To cause distress or regret to; cause to regret or repent; to vex.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter iij, in Le Morte Darthur, book II:
      with hys swerd lyghtly he smote of hir hede before kynge Arthur / allas for shame sayd Arthur why haue ye done so / ye haue shamed me and al my Courte / for this was a lady that I was be holden to / and hyther she came vnder my sauf conduyte / I shalle neuer foryeue you that trespas / Sir said Balen me forthynketh of your displeasyr / for this same lady was the vntruest lady lyuynge
  2. (reflexive, obsolete) To regret; repent.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To regret.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter xv, in Le Morte Darthur, book XVII:
      So cam he to the chamber dore / and wold haue entryd / And anone a voyce said to hym / Flee launcelot / and entre not / for thou oughtest not to doo hit / And yf thou entre / thou shalt forthynke hit / Thenne he withdrewe hym abak ryght heuy
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To repent, be sorry for.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To change one's mind about; to renounce.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.12:
      Then gan he thinke, perforce with sword and targe / Her forth to fetch, and Proteus to constraine; / But soone he gan such folly to forthinke againe.