repent

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old French repentir, from Vulgar Latin *repoenitere, from re- + a late derivative of poenitere (be penitent), alteration of Latin paenitere.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈpɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Verb[edit]

repent (third-person singular simple present repents, present participle repenting, simple past and past participle repented)

  1. (intransitive) To feel pain, sorrow, or regret for what one has done or omitted to do; the cause for repenting may be indicated with "of".
  2. (theology, intransitive) To be sorry for sin as morally evil, and to seek forgiveness; to cease to practice sin and to love.
    If you are a true Muslim, you should repent to Allah.
  3. (transitive) To feel pain on account of; to remember with sorrow.
  4. (transitive) To be sorry for, to regret.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Luke 17:1–4:
      Then said he unto the disciples, It is impossible but that offences will come: but woe unto him, through whom they come! It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones.
      Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him. And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.
    I repent my sins.
  5. (archaic, transitive) To cause to have sorrow or regret.
  6. (obsolete, reflexive) To cause (oneself) to feel pain or regret.
    • c. 1515–1516, published 1568, John Skelton, Againſt venemous tongues enpoyſoned with ſclaunder and falſe detractions &c.:
      But if that I knewe what his name hight,
      For clatering of me I would him ſone quight;
      For his falſe lying, of that I ſpake never,
      I could make him ſhortly repent him forever: […]
Synonyms[edit]
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Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin rēpēns, present participle of rēpō (I creep).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

repent

  1. (chiefly botany) Creeping along the ground.
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


French[edit]

Verb[edit]

repent

  1. third-person singular present indicative of repentir

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

rēpent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of rēpō