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Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French repentir, from re- + a late derivative of Latin poenitere ‎(be penitent), alteration of Latin paenitere.



repent ‎(third-person singular simple present repents, present participle repenting, simple past and past participle repented)

  1. (intransitive) To feel pain, sorrow, or regret for what one has done or omitted to do; the cause for repenting may be indicated with "of".
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), Jonah 3:10:
      And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did it not.
  2. (theology, intransitive) To be sorry for sin as morally evil, and to seek forgiveness; to cease to practice sin and to love.
    If you're a true Muslim, you should repent to Allah.
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), Luke 13:3:
      I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.
  3. (transitive) To feel pain on account of; to remember with sorrow.
  4. (transitive) To be sorry for, to regret.
    I repent my sins.
  5. (archaic, transitive) To cause to have sorrow or regret.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur, Bk.VII:
      at that time she wolde nat, she seyde, for she was syke and myght nat ryde. "That me repentith," seyde the kynge [].
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), Genesis 6:6:
      And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
  6. (obsolete, reflexive) To cause (oneself) to feel pain or regret.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin rēpō ‎(I creep).



  1. (chiefly botany) Creeping along the ground.





  1. third-person singular present indicative of repentir




  1. third-person plural future active indicative of rēpō