penitent

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See also: pénitent

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French, from Latin paenitēns, poenitēns (penitent), present participle of paeniteō, poeniteō (I cause to repent; I regret, repent). Doublet of penitente.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛnɪtənt/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

penitent (comparative more penitent, superlative most penitent)

  1. Feeling pain or sorrow on account of one's sins or offenses; feeling sincere guilt.
    Synonyms: repentant, contrite; see also Thesaurus:remorseful
  2. Doing penance.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

penitent (plural penitents)

  1. One who repents of sin; one sorrowful on account of his or her transgressions.
  2. One under church censure, but admitted to penance; one undergoing penance.
    Hyponym: consistent
    • 1837, William Russell, The History of Modern Europe: with an Account of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Longman, Rees, & Co., page 20:
      Wamba, who defeated the Saracens in an attempt upon Spain, was deprived of the crown, because he had been clothed in the habit of a penitent, while labouring under the influence of poison, administered by the ambitious Erviga!
  3. One under the direction of a confessor.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French pénitent, from Latin poenitens.

Adjective[edit]

penitent m or n (feminine singular penitentă, masculine plural penitenți, feminine and neuter plural penitente)

  1. penitent

Declension[edit]