glycosaminoglycan

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English[edit]

Chondroitin sulphate, a type of sulphated glycosaminoglycan

Etymology[edit]

From glycosamino- (combining form of glycosamine) +‎ glycan (polysaccharide); compare aminoglycan.

Noun[edit]

glycosaminoglycan (plural glycosaminoglycans)

  1. (biochemistry) Any polysaccharide that is a polymer of amino sugars; they are the carbohydrate units of proteoglycans.
    • 1982, Stanislav Reinis, Jerome Goldman, The Chemistry of Behavior: A Molecular Approach to Neuronal Plasticity, page 229,
      Subcellular fractionation techniques have indicated that the greatest percentage of these glycosaminoglycans that is not extracted with water is contained within the microsomal fraction (36-60%).
    • 1998, Christopher C. Rider, 9: Analysis of Glycosaminoglycans and Proteoglycans, Elizabeth F. Hounsell (editor), Glycoanalysis Protocols, 2nd Edition, page 131,
      The biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and proteoglycans appears to be a ubiquitous function in mammalian cells.
    • 2008, Reuben Matalon, Kimberlee Michals Matalon, Gita Bhatia, Chapter 22: The Mucopolysaccharidoses and the Mucolipidoses, Roger N. Rosenberg (editor), The Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurologic and Psychiatric Disease, 4th Edition, page 245,
      The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs) are a group of inherited disorders caused by specific enzyme deficiencies in the degradation of the glycosaminoglycans (mucopolysaccharides).

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