gqama

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Zulu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ᶢǃʱaːma/

Verb[edit]

-gqama

  1. (intransitive) to stand out
  2. (intransitive) to be famous, to be notorious, to be renowned

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukugqama
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukugqama ukungagqami
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular gqama -gqame
Plural gqamani -gqameni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyagqama, ngigqama engigqamayo, engigqama ngigqama angigqami engingagqami ngingagqami
2nd singular uyagqama, ugqama ogqamayo, ogqama ugqama awugqami ongagqami ungagqami
1st plural siyagqama, sigqama esigqamayo, esigqama sigqama asigqami esingagqami singagqami
2nd plural niyagqama, nigqama enigqamayo, enigqama nigqama anigqami eningagqami ningagqami
Class 1 uyagqama, ugqama ogqamayo, ogqama egqama akagqami ongagqami engagqami
Class 2 bayagqama, bagqama abagqamayo, abagqama begqama abagqami abangagqami bengagqami
Class 3 uyagqama, ugqama ogqamayo, ogqama ugqama awugqami ongagqami ungagqami
Class 4 iyagqama, igqama egqamayo, egqama igqama ayigqami engagqami ingagqami
Class 5 liyagqama, ligqama eligqamayo, eligqama ligqama aligqami elingagqami lingagqami
Class 6 ayagqama, agqama agqamayo, agqama egqama awagqami angagqami engagqami
Class 7 siyagqama, sigqama esigqamayo, esigqama sigqama asigqami esingagqami singagqami
Class 8 ziyagqama, zigqama ezigqamayo, ezigqama zigqama azigqami ezingagqami zingagqami
Class 9 iyagqama, igqama egqamayo, egqama igqama ayigqami engagqami ingagqami
Class 10 ziyagqama, zigqama ezigqamayo, ezigqama zigqama azigqami ezingagqami zingagqami
Class 11 luyagqama, lugqama olugqamayo, olugqama lugqama alugqami olungagqami lungagqami
Class 14 buyagqama, bugqama obugqamayo, obugqama bugqama abugqami obungagqami bungagqami
Class 15 kuyagqama, kugqama okugqamayo, okugqama kugqama akugqami okungagqami kungagqami
Class 17 kuyagqama, kugqama okugqamayo, okugqama kugqama akugqami okungagqami kungagqami
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngigqamile, ngigqamē engigqamile, engigqamē ngigqamile, ngigqamē angigqamanga engingagqamanga ngingagqamanga
2nd singular ugqamile, ugqamē ogqamile, ogqamē ugqamile, ugqamē awugqamanga ongagqamanga ungagqamanga
1st plural sigqamile, sigqamē esigqamile, esigqamē sigqamile, sigqamē asigqamanga esingagqamanga singagqamanga
2nd plural nigqamile, nigqamē enigqamile, enigqamē nigqamile, nigqamē anigqamanga eningagqamanga ningagqamanga
Class 1 ugqamile, ugqamē ogqamile, ogqamē egqamile, egqamē akagqamanga ongagqamanga engagqamanga
Class 2 bagqamile, bagqamē abagqamile, abagqamē begqamile, begqamē abagqamanga abangagqamanga bengagqamanga
Class 3 ugqamile, ugqamē ogqamile, ogqamē ugqamile, ugqamē awugqamanga ongagqamanga ungagqamanga
Class 4 igqamile, igqamē egqamile, egqamē igqamile, igqamē ayigqamanga engagqamanga ingagqamanga
Class 5 ligqamile, ligqamē eligqamile, eligqamē ligqamile, ligqamē aligqamanga elingagqamanga lingagqamanga
Class 6 agqamile, agqamē agqamile, agqamē egqamile, egqamē awagqamanga angagqamanga engagqamanga
Class 7 sigqamile, sigqamē esigqamile, esigqamē sigqamile, sigqamē asigqamanga esingagqamanga singagqamanga
Class 8 zigqamile, zigqamē ezigqamile, ezigqamē zigqamile, zigqamē azigqamanga ezingagqamanga zingagqamanga
Class 9 igqamile, igqamē egqamile, egqamē igqamile, igqamē ayigqamanga engagqamanga ingagqamanga
Class 10 zigqamile, zigqamē ezigqamile, ezigqamē zigqamile, zigqamē azigqamanga ezingagqamanga zingagqamanga
Class 11 lugqamile, lugqamē olugqamile, olugqamē lugqamile, lugqamē alugqamanga olungagqamanga lungagqamanga
Class 14 bugqamile, bugqamē obugqamile, obugqamē bugqamile, bugqamē abugqamanga obungagqamanga bungagqamanga
Class 15 kugqamile, kugqamē okugqamile, okugqamē kugqamile, kugqamē akugqamanga okungagqamanga kungagqamanga
Class 17 kugqamile, kugqamē okugqamile, okugqamē kugqamile, kugqamē akugqamanga okungagqamanga kungagqamanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāgqama engāgqama ngāgqama angigqamanga engingagqamanga ngingagqamanga
2nd singular wāgqama owāgqama wāgqama awugqamanga ongagqamanga ungagqamanga
1st plural sāgqama esāgqama sāgqama asigqamanga esingagqamanga singagqamanga
2nd plural nāgqama enāgqama nāgqama anigqamanga eningagqamanga ningagqamanga
Class 1 wāgqama owāgqama āgqama akagqamanga ongagqamanga engagqamanga
Class 2 bāgqama abāgqama bāgqama abagqamanga abangagqamanga bengagqamanga
Class 3 wāgqama owāgqama wāgqama awugqamanga ongagqamanga ungagqamanga
Class 4 yāgqama eyāgqama yāgqama ayigqamanga engagqamanga ingagqamanga
Class 5 lāgqama elāgqama lāgqama aligqamanga elingagqamanga lingagqamanga
Class 6 āgqama āgqama āgqama awagqamanga angagqamanga engagqamanga
Class 7 sāgqama esāgqama sāgqama asigqamanga esingagqamanga singagqamanga
Class 8 zāgqama ezāgqama zāgqama azigqamanga ezingagqamanga zingagqamanga
Class 9 yāgqama eyāgqama yāgqama ayigqamanga engagqamanga ingagqamanga
Class 10 zāgqama ezāgqama zāgqama azigqamanga ezingagqamanga zingagqamanga
Class 11 lwāgqama olwāgqama lwāgqama alugqamanga olungagqamanga lungagqamanga
Class 14 bāgqama obāgqama bāgqama abugqamanga obungagqamanga bungagqamanga
Class 15 kwāgqama okwāgqama kwāgqama akugqamanga okungagqamanga kungagqamanga
Class 17 kwāgqama okwāgqama kwāgqama akugqamanga okungagqamanga kungagqamanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingagqama ngingagqama ngingegqame ngingegqame
2nd singular ungagqama ungagqama ungegqame ungegqame
1st plural singagqama singagqama singegqame singegqame
2nd plural ningagqama ningagqama ningegqame ningegqame
Class 1 angagqama engagqama angegqame engegqame
Class 2 bangagqama bengagqama bangegqame bengegqame
Class 3 ungagqama ungagqama ungegqame ungegqame
Class 4 ingagqama ingagqama ingegqame ingegqame
Class 5 lingagqama lingagqama lingegqame lingegqame
Class 6 angagqama engagqama angegqame engegqame
Class 7 singagqama singagqama singegqame singegqame
Class 8 zingagqama zingagqama zingegqame zingegqame
Class 9 ingagqama ingagqama ingegqame ingegqame
Class 10 zingagqama zingagqama zingegqame zingegqame
Class 11 lungagqama lungagqama lungegqame lungegqame
Class 14 bungagqama bungagqama bungegqame bungegqame
Class 15 kungagqama kungagqama kungegqame kungegqame
Class 17 kungagqama kungagqama kungegqame kungegqame
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizogqama engizogqama ngizogqama angizugqama engingezugqama ngingezugqama
2nd singular uzogqama ozogqama uzogqama awuzugqama ongezugqama ungezugqama
1st plural sizogqama esizogqama sizogqama asizugqama esingezugqama singezugqama
2nd plural nizogqama enizogqama nizogqama anizugqama eningezugqama ningezugqama
Class 1 uzogqama ozogqama ezogqama akazugqama ongezugqama engezugqama
Class 2 bazogqama abazogqama bezogqama abazugqama abangezugqama bengezugqama
Class 3 uzogqama ozogqama uzogqama awuzugqama ongezugqama ungezugqama
Class 4 izogqama ezogqama izogqama ayizugqama engezugqama ingezugqama
Class 5 lizogqama elizogqama lizogqama alizugqama elingezugqama lingezugqama
Class 6 azogqama azogqama ezogqama awazugqama angezugqama engezugqama
Class 7 sizogqama esizogqama sizogqama asizugqama esingezugqama singezugqama
Class 8 zizogqama ezizogqama zizogqama azizugqama ezingezugqama zingezugqama
Class 9 izogqama ezogqama izogqama ayizugqama engezugqama ingezugqama
Class 10 zizogqama ezizogqama zizogqama azizugqama ezingezugqama zingezugqama
Class 11 luzogqama oluzogqama luzogqama aluzugqama olungezugqama lungezugqama
Class 14 buzogqama obuzogqama buzogqama abuzugqama obungezugqama bungezugqama
Class 15 kuzogqama okuzogqama kuzogqama akuzugqama okungezugqama kungezugqama
Class 17 kuzogqama okuzogqama kuzogqama akuzugqama okungezugqama kungezugqama
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyogqama engiyogqama ngiyogqama angiyugqama engingeyugqama ngingeyugqama
2nd singular uyogqama oyogqama uyogqama awuyugqama ongeyugqama ungeyugqama
1st plural siyogqama esiyogqama siyogqama asiyugqama esingeyugqama singeyugqama
2nd plural niyogqama eniyogqama niyogqama aniyugqama eningeyugqama ningeyugqama
Class 1 uyogqama oyogqama eyogqama akayugqama ongeyugqama engeyugqama
Class 2 bayogqama abayogqama beyogqama abayugqama abangeyugqama bengeyugqama
Class 3 uyogqama oyogqama uyogqama awuyugqama ongeyugqama ungeyugqama
Class 4 iyogqama eyogqama iyogqama ayiyugqama engeyugqama ingeyugqama
Class 5 liyogqama eliyogqama liyogqama aliyugqama elingeyugqama lingeyugqama
Class 6 ayogqama ayogqama eyogqama awayugqama angeyugqama engeyugqama
Class 7 siyogqama esiyogqama siyogqama asiyugqama esingeyugqama singeyugqama
Class 8 ziyogqama eziyogqama ziyogqama aziyugqama ezingeyugqama zingeyugqama
Class 9 iyogqama eyogqama iyogqama ayiyugqama engeyugqama ingeyugqama
Class 10 ziyogqama eziyogqama ziyogqama aziyugqama ezingeyugqama zingeyugqama
Class 11 luyogqama oluyogqama luyogqama aluyugqama olungeyugqama lungeyugqama
Class 14 buyogqama obuyogqama buyogqama abuyugqama obungeyugqama bungeyugqama
Class 15 kuyogqama okuyogqama kuyogqama akuyugqama okungeyugqama kungeyugqama
Class 17 kuyogqama okuyogqama kuyogqama akuyugqama okungeyugqama kungeyugqama
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngigqame ngingagqami
2nd singular ugqame ungagqami
1st plural sigqame singagqami
2nd plural nigqame ningagqami
Class 1 agqame angagqami
Class 2 bagqame bangagqami
Class 3 ugqame ungagqami
Class 4 igqame ingagqami
Class 5 ligqame lingagqami
Class 6 agqame angagqami
Class 7 sigqame singagqami
Class 8 zigqame zingagqami
Class 9 igqame ingagqami
Class 10 zigqame zingagqami
Class 11 lugqame lungagqami
Class 14 bugqame bungagqami
Class 15 kugqame kungagqami
Class 17 kugqame kungagqami
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngagqama ngangagqama, angagqama, angangagqama
2nd singular wagqama wangagqama, awagqama, awangagqama
1st plural sagqama sangagqama, asagqama, asangagqama
2nd plural nagqama nangagqama, anagqama, anangagqama
Class 1 wagqama wangagqama, akagqama, akangagqama
Class 2 bagqama bangagqama, abagqama, abangagqama
Class 3 wagqama wangagqama, awagqama, awangagqama
Class 4 yagqama yangagqama, ayagqama, ayangagqama
Class 5 lagqama langagqama, alagqama, alangagqama
Class 6 agqama angagqama, awagqama, awangagqama
Class 7 sagqama sangagqama, asagqama, asangagqama
Class 8 zagqama zangagqama, azagqama, azangagqama
Class 9 yagqama yangagqama, ayagqama, ayangagqama
Class 10 zagqama zangagqama, azagqama, azangagqama
Class 11 lwagqama lwangagqama, alwagqama, alwangagqama
Class 14 bagqama bangagqama, abagqama, abangagqama
Class 15 kwagqama kwangagqama, akwagqama, akwangagqama
Class 17 kwagqama kwangagqama, akwagqama, akwangagqama

References[edit]