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See also: guānxi, guānxì, and guànxǐ



Borrowed from Chinese 關係关系 (guānxì, “relation, connection”).


  • IPA(key): /ˈkwanʃi/, /ˈɡwanʃi/


guanxi (uncountable)

  1. (Chinese society) Connections; relationships; one's social or business network.
    Synonym: (from Russian) blat
    To open a new business in China you need guanxi.
    • 1996, James O'Reilly, Sean O'Reilly, Larry Habegger (editors), Travellers' Tales - Hong Kong [1]
      Who would dare to drive around in a [right-hand drive] car that was so obviously stolen and smuggled into the country? The police, of course! And Communisty Party officials. And those with guanxi with the police.
    • 1998, Stuart Cohen, Invisible World:
      By chance he'd happened to be in Hong Kong when Clayton had died, and his guanxi had smoothed out the paperwork that could have delayed things for weeks.
    • 2000, Yadong Luo, Strategy, Structure, and Performance of MNCs in China[2]:
      It should be noted that the existence of a basis for guanxi does not imply that such an alliance will develop.
    • 2005, China-Britain Business Council
      Many foreigners claim to have guanxi with their Chinese counterparts; few actually do.


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