gurķis

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Latvian[edit]

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 gurķis on Latvian Wikipedia
Gurķis (1)
Gurķis (2)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German augurke (cf. German Gurke; the Germanic term is itself a borrowing from Polish ogórek, originally from Greek άγουρος (ágouros) “unripe, immature”) which replaced an earlier term krievāboli. First attested in 17th-century dictionaries as augurķis, later agurķe, agurķis, also (already in the 17th century) gurķis, it became gurķis, gurķe in 18th-century literature. In the mid-19th century, only the form gurķis remained.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

gurķis m (2nd declension)

  1. cucumber (plant of the family Cucurbitaceae, species Cucumis sativus, often cultivated in gardens for its edible vegetable fruit)
    gurķu dobecucumber bed
    gurķa ziedicucumber flowers
    gurķu sēklascucumber seeds
    gurķu šķirnescucumber varieties
    sēt gurķusto sow cucumbers
    laistīt gurķusto water the cucumbers
    audzēt gurķus siltumnīcāto grow cucumbers in a greenhouse
  2. cucumber (the edible vegetable fruit of this plant)
    skābēts gurķispickled cucumber
    sālīts gurķissalted cucumber
    marinēts gurķismarinated cucumber
    gurķu salāticucumber salad
    jūnija beigās pilsētas darbaļaudis varēs iepirkt kāpostus, tomātus, gurķus un citus dārzeņusat the end of June, the city workers will be able to buy cabbages, tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “gurķis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7