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A woman's ankles gyved with gyves.

Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle English *give, *gyve (found only in plural gives, gyves (shackles; fetters)). Of uncertain origin. Compare Welsh gefyn (fetter, shackle), Irish geibbionn (fetters), geimheal (fetter, chain, shackle).

The verb is from Middle English given, gyven (to shackle), from the noun.



gyve (plural gyves)

  1. A shackle or fetter, especially for the leg.
    • Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet
      Like a poor prisoner in his twisted gyves
    • 1973, Kyril Bonfiglioli, Don't Point That Thing at Me, Penguin 2001, page 122
      Our gyves were removed and our possessions returned to us, except for my Banker's Special.


gyve (third-person singular simple present gyves, present participle gyving, simple past and past participle gyved)

  1. to shackle, fetter, chain
    • 1864, “A Fast-Day at Foxden”, in Atlantic Monthly Journal[1], HTML edition, The Gutenberg Project, published 2006:
      "Say, rather, to melt the iron links which gyve soul to body," said Clifton ...
    • 2008, LD Brodsky, “A Devotee of the Southern Way of Making Love”, in Sheri L. Vadermolen, editor, The Complete Poems of Louis Daniel Brodsky: Volume Four, 1981-1985[2], Time Being Books, →ISBN, page 419:
      Gyved to a squeaky swivel seat in my office, …

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]


gyve (present tense gyv, past tense gauv, past participle gove, present participle gyvande, imperative gyv)

  1. Alternative form of gyva