hleka

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Phuthi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-hleka, from Proto-Bantu *-cèka.

Verb[edit]

-hleka

  1. (intransitive) to laugh
  2. (transitive) to laugh at

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-hleka, from Proto-Bantu *-cèka.

Verb[edit]

-hleka

  1. (intransitive) to laugh
  2. (transitive) to laugh at

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-hleka, from Proto-Bantu *-cèka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-hleka

  1. (intransitive) laugh
  2. (transitive) laugh at

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-hleka, from Proto-Bantu *-cèka.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ɬeːɠa/

Verb[edit]

-hleka

  1. (intransitive) to laugh
  2. (transitive) to laugh at

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuhleka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuhleka ukungahleki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular hleka -hleke
Plural hlekani -hlekeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyahleka, ngihleka engihlekayo, engihleka ngihleka angihleki engingahleki ngingahleki
2nd singular uyahleka, uhleka ohlekayo, ohleka uhleka awuhleki ongahleki ungahleki
1st plural siyahleka, sihleka esihlekayo, esihleka sihleka asihleki esingahleki singahleki
2nd plural niyahleka, nihleka enihlekayo, enihleka nihleka anihleki eningahleki ningahleki
Class 1 uyahleka, uhleka ohlekayo, ohleka ehleka akahleki ongahleki engahleki
Class 2 bayahleka, bahleka abahlekayo, abahleka behleka abahleki abangahleki bengahleki
Class 3 uyahleka, uhleka ohlekayo, ohleka uhleka awuhleki ongahleki ungahleki
Class 4 iyahleka, ihleka ehlekayo, ehleka ihleka ayihleki engahleki ingahleki
Class 5 liyahleka, lihleka elihlekayo, elihleka lihleka alihleki elingahleki lingahleki
Class 6 ayahleka, ahleka ahlekayo, ahleka ehleka awahleki angahleki engahleki
Class 7 siyahleka, sihleka esihlekayo, esihleka sihleka asihleki esingahleki singahleki
Class 8 ziyahleka, zihleka ezihlekayo, ezihleka zihleka azihleki ezingahleki zingahleki
Class 9 iyahleka, ihleka ehlekayo, ehleka ihleka ayihleki engahleki ingahleki
Class 10 ziyahleka, zihleka ezihlekayo, ezihleka zihleka azihleki ezingahleki zingahleki
Class 11 luyahleka, luhleka oluhlekayo, oluhleka luhleka aluhleki olungahleki lungahleki
Class 14 buyahleka, buhleka obuhlekayo, obuhleka buhleka abuhleki obungahleki bungahleki
Class 15 kuyahleka, kuhleka okuhlekayo, okuhleka kuhleka akuhleki okungahleki kungahleki
Class 17 kuyahleka, kuhleka okuhlekayo, okuhleka kuhleka akuhleki okungahleki kungahleki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngihlekile, ngihlekē engihlekile, engihlekē ngihlekile, ngihlekē angihlekanga engingahlekanga ngingahlekanga
2nd singular uhlekile, uhlekē ohlekile, ohlekē uhlekile, uhlekē awuhlekanga ongahlekanga ungahlekanga
1st plural sihlekile, sihlekē esihlekile, esihlekē sihlekile, sihlekē asihlekanga esingahlekanga singahlekanga
2nd plural nihlekile, nihlekē enihlekile, enihlekē nihlekile, nihlekē anihlekanga eningahlekanga ningahlekanga
Class 1 uhlekile, uhlekē ohlekile, ohlekē ehlekile, ehlekē akahlekanga ongahlekanga engahlekanga
Class 2 bahlekile, bahlekē abahlekile, abahlekē behlekile, behlekē abahlekanga abangahlekanga bengahlekanga
Class 3 uhlekile, uhlekē ohlekile, ohlekē uhlekile, uhlekē awuhlekanga ongahlekanga ungahlekanga
Class 4 ihlekile, ihlekē ehlekile, ehlekē ihlekile, ihlekē ayihlekanga engahlekanga ingahlekanga
Class 5 lihlekile, lihlekē elihlekile, elihlekē lihlekile, lihlekē alihlekanga elingahlekanga lingahlekanga
Class 6 ahlekile, ahlekē ahlekile, ahlekē ehlekile, ehlekē awahlekanga angahlekanga engahlekanga
Class 7 sihlekile, sihlekē esihlekile, esihlekē sihlekile, sihlekē asihlekanga esingahlekanga singahlekanga
Class 8 zihlekile, zihlekē ezihlekile, ezihlekē zihlekile, zihlekē azihlekanga ezingahlekanga zingahlekanga
Class 9 ihlekile, ihlekē ehlekile, ehlekē ihlekile, ihlekē ayihlekanga engahlekanga ingahlekanga
Class 10 zihlekile, zihlekē ezihlekile, ezihlekē zihlekile, zihlekē azihlekanga ezingahlekanga zingahlekanga
Class 11 luhlekile, luhlekē oluhlekile, oluhlekē luhlekile, luhlekē aluhlekanga olungahlekanga lungahlekanga
Class 14 buhlekile, buhlekē obuhlekile, obuhlekē buhlekile, buhlekē abuhlekanga obungahlekanga bungahlekanga
Class 15 kuhlekile, kuhlekē okuhlekile, okuhlekē kuhlekile, kuhlekē akuhlekanga okungahlekanga kungahlekanga
Class 17 kuhlekile, kuhlekē okuhlekile, okuhlekē kuhlekile, kuhlekē akuhlekanga okungahlekanga kungahlekanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāhleka engāhleka ngāhleka angihlekanga engingahlekanga ngingahlekanga
2nd singular wāhleka owāhleka wāhleka awuhlekanga ongahlekanga ungahlekanga
1st plural sāhleka esāhleka sāhleka asihlekanga esingahlekanga singahlekanga
2nd plural nāhleka enāhleka nāhleka anihlekanga eningahlekanga ningahlekanga
Class 1 wāhleka owāhleka āhleka akahlekanga ongahlekanga engahlekanga
Class 2 bāhleka abāhleka bāhleka abahlekanga abangahlekanga bengahlekanga
Class 3 wāhleka owāhleka wāhleka awuhlekanga ongahlekanga ungahlekanga
Class 4 yāhleka eyāhleka yāhleka ayihlekanga engahlekanga ingahlekanga
Class 5 lāhleka elāhleka lāhleka alihlekanga elingahlekanga lingahlekanga
Class 6 āhleka āhleka āhleka awahlekanga angahlekanga engahlekanga
Class 7 sāhleka esāhleka sāhleka asihlekanga esingahlekanga singahlekanga
Class 8 zāhleka ezāhleka zāhleka azihlekanga ezingahlekanga zingahlekanga
Class 9 yāhleka eyāhleka yāhleka ayihlekanga engahlekanga ingahlekanga
Class 10 zāhleka ezāhleka zāhleka azihlekanga ezingahlekanga zingahlekanga
Class 11 lwāhleka olwāhleka lwāhleka aluhlekanga olungahlekanga lungahlekanga
Class 14 bāhleka obāhleka bāhleka abuhlekanga obungahlekanga bungahlekanga
Class 15 kwāhleka okwāhleka kwāhleka akuhlekanga okungahlekanga kungahlekanga
Class 17 kwāhleka okwāhleka kwāhleka akuhlekanga okungahlekanga kungahlekanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingahleka ngingahleka ngingehleke ngingehleke
2nd singular ungahleka ungahleka ungehleke ungehleke
1st plural singahleka singahleka singehleke singehleke
2nd plural ningahleka ningahleka ningehleke ningehleke
Class 1 angahleka engahleka angehleke engehleke
Class 2 bangahleka bengahleka bangehleke bengehleke
Class 3 ungahleka ungahleka ungehleke ungehleke
Class 4 ingahleka ingahleka ingehleke ingehleke
Class 5 lingahleka lingahleka lingehleke lingehleke
Class 6 angahleka engahleka angehleke engehleke
Class 7 singahleka singahleka singehleke singehleke
Class 8 zingahleka zingahleka zingehleke zingehleke
Class 9 ingahleka ingahleka ingehleke ingehleke
Class 10 zingahleka zingahleka zingehleke zingehleke
Class 11 lungahleka lungahleka lungehleke lungehleke
Class 14 bungahleka bungahleka bungehleke bungehleke
Class 15 kungahleka kungahleka kungehleke kungehleke
Class 17 kungahleka kungahleka kungehleke kungehleke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizohleka engizohleka ngizohleka angizuhleka engingezuhleka ngingezuhleka
2nd singular uzohleka ozohleka uzohleka awuzuhleka ongezuhleka ungezuhleka
1st plural sizohleka esizohleka sizohleka asizuhleka esingezuhleka singezuhleka
2nd plural nizohleka enizohleka nizohleka anizuhleka eningezuhleka ningezuhleka
Class 1 uzohleka ozohleka ezohleka akazuhleka ongezuhleka engezuhleka
Class 2 bazohleka abazohleka bezohleka abazuhleka abangezuhleka bengezuhleka
Class 3 uzohleka ozohleka uzohleka awuzuhleka ongezuhleka ungezuhleka
Class 4 izohleka ezohleka izohleka ayizuhleka engezuhleka ingezuhleka
Class 5 lizohleka elizohleka lizohleka alizuhleka elingezuhleka lingezuhleka
Class 6 azohleka azohleka ezohleka awazuhleka angezuhleka engezuhleka
Class 7 sizohleka esizohleka sizohleka asizuhleka esingezuhleka singezuhleka
Class 8 zizohleka ezizohleka zizohleka azizuhleka ezingezuhleka zingezuhleka
Class 9 izohleka ezohleka izohleka ayizuhleka engezuhleka ingezuhleka
Class 10 zizohleka ezizohleka zizohleka azizuhleka ezingezuhleka zingezuhleka
Class 11 luzohleka oluzohleka luzohleka aluzuhleka olungezuhleka lungezuhleka
Class 14 buzohleka obuzohleka buzohleka abuzuhleka obungezuhleka bungezuhleka
Class 15 kuzohleka okuzohleka kuzohleka akuzuhleka okungezuhleka kungezuhleka
Class 17 kuzohleka okuzohleka kuzohleka akuzuhleka okungezuhleka kungezuhleka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyohleka engiyohleka ngiyohleka angiyuhleka engingeyuhleka ngingeyuhleka
2nd singular uyohleka oyohleka uyohleka awuyuhleka ongeyuhleka ungeyuhleka
1st plural siyohleka esiyohleka siyohleka asiyuhleka esingeyuhleka singeyuhleka
2nd plural niyohleka eniyohleka niyohleka aniyuhleka eningeyuhleka ningeyuhleka
Class 1 uyohleka oyohleka eyohleka akayuhleka ongeyuhleka engeyuhleka
Class 2 bayohleka abayohleka beyohleka abayuhleka abangeyuhleka bengeyuhleka
Class 3 uyohleka oyohleka uyohleka awuyuhleka ongeyuhleka ungeyuhleka
Class 4 iyohleka eyohleka iyohleka ayiyuhleka engeyuhleka ingeyuhleka
Class 5 liyohleka eliyohleka liyohleka aliyuhleka elingeyuhleka lingeyuhleka
Class 6 ayohleka ayohleka eyohleka awayuhleka angeyuhleka engeyuhleka
Class 7 siyohleka esiyohleka siyohleka asiyuhleka esingeyuhleka singeyuhleka
Class 8 ziyohleka eziyohleka ziyohleka aziyuhleka ezingeyuhleka zingeyuhleka
Class 9 iyohleka eyohleka iyohleka ayiyuhleka engeyuhleka ingeyuhleka
Class 10 ziyohleka eziyohleka ziyohleka aziyuhleka ezingeyuhleka zingeyuhleka
Class 11 luyohleka oluyohleka luyohleka aluyuhleka olungeyuhleka lungeyuhleka
Class 14 buyohleka obuyohleka buyohleka abuyuhleka obungeyuhleka bungeyuhleka
Class 15 kuyohleka okuyohleka kuyohleka akuyuhleka okungeyuhleka kungeyuhleka
Class 17 kuyohleka okuyohleka kuyohleka akuyuhleka okungeyuhleka kungeyuhleka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngihleke ngingahleki
2nd singular uhleke ungahleki
1st plural sihleke singahleki
2nd plural nihleke ningahleki
Class 1 ahleke angahleki
Class 2 bahleke bangahleki
Class 3 uhleke ungahleki
Class 4 ihleke ingahleki
Class 5 lihleke lingahleki
Class 6 ahleke angahleki
Class 7 sihleke singahleki
Class 8 zihleke zingahleki
Class 9 ihleke ingahleki
Class 10 zihleke zingahleki
Class 11 luhleke lungahleki
Class 14 buhleke bungahleki
Class 15 kuhleke kungahleki
Class 17 kuhleke kungahleki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngahleka ngangahleka, angahleka, angangahleka
2nd singular wahleka wangahleka, awahleka, awangahleka
1st plural sahleka sangahleka, asahleka, asangahleka
2nd plural nahleka nangahleka, anahleka, anangahleka
Class 1 wahleka wangahleka, akahleka, akangahleka
Class 2 bahleka bangahleka, abahleka, abangahleka
Class 3 wahleka wangahleka, awahleka, awangahleka
Class 4 yahleka yangahleka, ayahleka, ayangahleka
Class 5 lahleka langahleka, alahleka, alangahleka
Class 6 ahleka angahleka, awahleka, awangahleka
Class 7 sahleka sangahleka, asahleka, asangahleka
Class 8 zahleka zangahleka, azahleka, azangahleka
Class 9 yahleka yangahleka, ayahleka, ayangahleka
Class 10 zahleka zangahleka, azahleka, azangahleka
Class 11 lwahleka lwangahleka, alwahleka, alwangahleka
Class 14 bahleka bangahleka, abahleka, abangahleka
Class 15 kwahleka kwangahleka, akwahleka, akwangahleka
Class 17 kwahleka kwangahleka, akwahleka, akwangahleka

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]