hleka

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-hleka, from Proto-Bantu *-cèka.

Verb[edit]

-hleka

  1. (intransitive) to laugh
  2. (transitive) to laugh at

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuhleka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuhleka ukungahleki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular hleka hleke
Plural hlekani hlekeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyahleka, ngihleka engiyahleka, engihleka ngihleka angihleki engingahleki ngingahleki
2nd singular uyahleka, uhleka oyahleka, ohleka uhleka awuhleki ongahleki ungahleki
1st plural siyahleka, sihleka esiyahleka, esihleka sihleka asihleki esingahleki singahleki
2nd plural niyahleka, nihleka eniyahleka, enihleka nihleka anihleki eningahleki ningahleki
Class 1 uyahleka, uhleka oyahleka, ohleka ehleka akahleki ongahleki engahleki
Class 2 bayahleka, bahleka abayahleka, abahleka behleka abahleki abangahleki bengahleki
Class 3 uyahleka, uhleka oyahleka, ohleka uhleka awuhleki ongahleki ungahleki
Class 4 iyahleka, ihleka eyahleka, ehleka ihleka ayihleki engahleki ingahleki
Class 5 liyahleka, lihleka eliyahleka, elihleka lihleka alihleki elingahleki lingahleki
Class 6 ayahleka, ahleka ayahleka, ahleka ehleka awahleki angahleki engahleki
Class 7 siyahleka, sihleka esiyahleka, esihleka sihleka asihleki esingahleki singahleki
Class 8 ziyahleka, zihleka eziyahleka, ezihleka zihleka azihleki ezingahleki zingahleki
Class 9 iyahleka, ihleka eyahleka, ehleka ihleka ayihleki engahleki ingahleki
Class 10 ziyahleka, zihleka eziyahleka, ezihleka zihleka azihleki ezingahleki zingahleki
Class 11 luyahleka, luhleka oluyahleka, oluhleka luhleka aluhleki olungahleki lungahleki
Class 14 buyahleka, buhleka obuyahleka, obuhleka buhleka abuhleki obungahleki bungahleki
Class 15 kuyahleka, kuhleka okuyahleka, okuhleka kuhleka akuhleki okungahleki kungahleki
Class 17 kuyahleka, kuhleka okuyahleka, okuhleka kuhleka akuhleki okungahleki kungahleki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngihlekile, ngihlekē engihlekile, engihlekē ngihlekile, ngihlekē angihlekanga engingahlekanga ngingahlekanga
2nd singular uhlekile, uhlekē ohlekile, ohlekē uhlekile, uhlekē awuhlekanga ongahlekanga ungahlekanga
1st plural sihlekile, sihlekē esihlekile, esihlekē sihlekile, sihlekē asihlekanga esingahlekanga singahlekanga
2nd plural nihlekile, nihlekē enihlekile, enihlekē nihlekile, nihlekē anihlekanga eningahlekanga ningahlekanga
Class 1 uhlekile, uhlekē ohlekile, ohlekē ehlekile, ehlekē akahlekanga ongahlekanga engahlekanga
Class 2 bahlekile, bahlekē abahlekile, abahlekē behlekile, behlekē abahlekanga abangahlekanga bengahlekanga
Class 3 uhlekile, uhlekē ohlekile, ohlekē uhlekile, uhlekē awuhlekanga ongahlekanga ungahlekanga
Class 4 ihlekile, ihlekē ehlekile, ehlekē ihlekile, ihlekē ayihlekanga engahlekanga ingahlekanga
Class 5 lihlekile, lihlekē elihlekile, elihlekē lihlekile, lihlekē alihlekanga elingahlekanga lingahlekanga
Class 6 ahlekile, ahlekē ahlekile, ahlekē ehlekile, ehlekē awahlekanga angahlekanga engahlekanga
Class 7 sihlekile, sihlekē esihlekile, esihlekē sihlekile, sihlekē asihlekanga esingahlekanga singahlekanga
Class 8 zihlekile, zihlekē ezihlekile, ezihlekē zihlekile, zihlekē azihlekanga ezingahlekanga zingahlekanga
Class 9 ihlekile, ihlekē ehlekile, ehlekē ihlekile, ihlekē ayihlekanga engahlekanga ingahlekanga
Class 10 zihlekile, zihlekē ezihlekile, ezihlekē zihlekile, zihlekē azihlekanga ezingahlekanga zingahlekanga
Class 11 luhlekile, luhlekē oluhlekile, oluhlekē luhlekile, luhlekē aluhlekanga olungahlekanga lungahlekanga
Class 14 buhlekile, buhlekē obuhlekile, obuhlekē buhlekile, buhlekē abuhlekanga obungahlekanga bungahlekanga
Class 15 kuhlekile, kuhlekē okuhlekile, okuhlekē kuhlekile, kuhlekē akuhlekanga okungahlekanga kungahlekanga
Class 17 kuhlekile, kuhlekē okuhlekile, okuhlekē kuhlekile, kuhlekē akuhlekanga okungahlekanga kungahlekanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāhleka engāhleka ngāhleka angihlekanga engingahlekanga ngingahlekanga
2nd singular wāhleka owāhleka wāhleka awuhlekanga ongahlekanga ungahlekanga
1st plural sāhleka esāhleka sāhleka asihlekanga esingahlekanga singahlekanga
2nd plural nāhleka enāhleka nāhleka anihlekanga eningahlekanga ningahlekanga
Class 1 wāhleka owāhleka āhleka akahlekanga ongahlekanga engahlekanga
Class 2 bāhleka abāhleka bāhleka abahlekanga abangahlekanga bengahlekanga
Class 3 wāhleka owāhleka wāhleka awuhlekanga ongahlekanga ungahlekanga
Class 4 yāhleka eyāhleka yāhleka ayihlekanga engahlekanga ingahlekanga
Class 5 lāhleka elāhleka lāhleka alihlekanga elingahlekanga lingahlekanga
Class 6 āhleka āhleka āhleka awahlekanga angahlekanga engahlekanga
Class 7 sāhleka esāhleka sāhleka asihlekanga esingahlekanga singahlekanga
Class 8 zāhleka ezāhleka zāhleka azihlekanga ezingahlekanga zingahlekanga
Class 9 yāhleka eyāhleka yāhleka ayihlekanga engahlekanga ingahlekanga
Class 10 zāhleka ezāhleka zāhleka azihlekanga ezingahlekanga zingahlekanga
Class 11 lwāhleka olwāhleka lwāhleka aluhlekanga olungahlekanga lungahlekanga
Class 14 bāhleka obāhleka bāhleka abuhlekanga obungahlekanga bungahlekanga
Class 15 kwāhleka okwāhleka kwāhleka akuhlekanga okungahlekanga kungahlekanga
Class 17 kwāhleka okwāhleka kwāhleka akuhlekanga okungahlekanga kungahlekanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingahleka ngingahleka ngingehleke ngingehleke
2nd singular ungahleka ungahleka ungehleke ungehleke
1st plural singahleka singahleka singehleke singehleke
2nd plural ningahleka ningahleka ningehleke ningehleke
Class 1 angahleka engahleka angehleke engehleke
Class 2 bangahleka bengahleka bangehleke bengehleke
Class 3 ungahleka ungahleka ungehleke ungehleke
Class 4 ingahleka ingahleka ingehleke ingehleke
Class 5 lingahleka lingahleka lingehleke lingehleke
Class 6 angahleka engahleka angehleke engehleke
Class 7 singahleka singahleka singehleke singehleke
Class 8 zingahleka zingahleka zingehleke zingehleke
Class 9 ingahleka ingahleka ingehleke ingehleke
Class 10 zingahleka zingahleka zingehleke zingehleke
Class 11 lungahleka lungahleka lungehleke lungehleke
Class 14 bungahleka bungahleka bungehleke bungehleke
Class 15 kungahleka kungahleka kungehleke kungehleke
Class 17 kungahleka kungahleka kungehleke kungehleke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizohleka engizohleka ngizohleka angizuhleka ngingezuhleka
2nd singular uzohleka ozohleka uzohleka awuzuhleka ungezuhleka
1st plural sizohleka esizohleka sizohleka asizuhleka singezuhleka
2nd plural nizohleka enizohleka nizohleka anizuhleka ningezuhleka
Class 1 uzohleka ozohleka ezohleka akazuhleka engezuhleka
Class 2 bazohleka abazohleka bezohleka abazuhleka bengezuhleka
Class 3 uzohleka ozohleka uzohleka awuzuhleka ungezuhleka
Class 4 izohleka ezohleka izohleka ayizuhleka ingezuhleka
Class 5 lizohleka elizohleka lizohleka alizuhleka lingezuhleka
Class 6 azohleka azohleka ezohleka awazuhleka engezuhleka
Class 7 sizohleka esizohleka sizohleka asizuhleka singezuhleka
Class 8 zizohleka ezizohleka zizohleka azizuhleka zingezuhleka
Class 9 izohleka ezohleka izohleka ayizuhleka ingezuhleka
Class 10 zizohleka ezizohleka zizohleka azizuhleka zingezuhleka
Class 11 luzohleka oluzohleka luzohleka aluzuhleka lungezuhleka
Class 14 buzohleka obuzohleka buzohleka abuzuhleka bungezuhleka
Class 15 kuzohleka okuzohleka kuzohleka akuzuhleka kungezuhleka
Class 17 kuzohleka okuzohleka kuzohleka akuzuhleka kungezuhleka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyohleka engiyohleka ngiyohleka angiyuhleka ngingeyuhleka
2nd singular uyohleka oyohleka uyohleka awuyuhleka ungeyuhleka
1st plural siyohleka esiyohleka siyohleka asiyuhleka singeyuhleka
2nd plural niyohleka eniyohleka niyohleka aniyuhleka ningeyuhleka
Class 1 uyohleka oyohleka eyohleka akayuhleka engeyuhleka
Class 2 bayohleka abayohleka beyohleka abayuhleka bengeyuhleka
Class 3 uyohleka oyohleka uyohleka awuyuhleka ungeyuhleka
Class 4 iyohleka eyohleka iyohleka ayiyuhleka ingeyuhleka
Class 5 liyohleka eliyohleka liyohleka aliyuhleka lingeyuhleka
Class 6 ayohleka ayohleka eyohleka awayuhleka engeyuhleka
Class 7 siyohleka esiyohleka siyohleka asiyuhleka singeyuhleka
Class 8 ziyohleka eziyohleka ziyohleka aziyuhleka zingeyuhleka
Class 9 iyohleka eyohleka iyohleka ayiyuhleka ingeyuhleka
Class 10 ziyohleka eziyohleka ziyohleka aziyuhleka zingeyuhleka
Class 11 luyohleka oluyohleka luyohleka aluyuhleka lungeyuhleka
Class 14 buyohleka obuyohleka buyohleka abuyuhleka bungeyuhleka
Class 15 kuyohleka okuyohleka kuyohleka akuyuhleka kungeyuhleka
Class 17 kuyohleka okuyohleka kuyohleka akuyuhleka kungeyuhleka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngihleke ngingahleki
2nd singular uhleke ungahleki
1st plural sihleke singahleki
2nd plural nihleke ningahleki
Class 1 ahleke angahleki
Class 2 bahleke bangahleki
Class 3 uhleke ungahleki
Class 4 ihleke ingahleki
Class 5 lihleke lingahleki
Class 6 ahleke angahleki
Class 7 sihleke singahleki
Class 8 zihleke zingahleki
Class 9 ihleke ingahleki
Class 10 zihleke zingahleki
Class 11 luhleke lungahleki
Class 14 buhleke bungahleki
Class 15 kuhleke kungahleki
Class 17 kuhleke kungahleki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngahleka angihleka
2nd singular wahleka awuhleka
1st plural sahleka asihleka
2nd plural nahleka anihleka
Class 1 wahleka akahleka
Class 2 bahleka abahleka
Class 3 wahleka awuhleka
Class 4 yahleka ayihleka
Class 5 lahleka alihleka
Class 6 ahleka awahleka
Class 7 sahleka asihleka
Class 8 zahleka azihleka
Class 9 yahleka ayihleka
Class 10 zahleka azihleka
Class 11 lwahleka aluhleka
Class 14 bahleka abuhleka
Class 15 kwahleka akuhleka
Class 17 kwahleka akuhleka

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]