ierocis

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Latvian[edit]

Ieroči
Ieroči

Etymology[edit]

Derived from ie- +‎ roka (hand) and made into a second-declension masculine noun (ending -is). The original meaning was probably “handle” (“in-hand”), maybe “sword handle” (in some older sourcers, ierocis is given as a synonym of zobens “sword”). In the 18th and 19th centuries, ierocis, like its Lithuanian cognate, could also mean “tool, instrument” (< “something held with one's hand”); its military meaning grew gradually more important, becoming dominant by the end of the 19th century. Cognates include Lithuanian į́rankis (tool, instrument, weapon).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

ierocis m (2nd declension)

  1. weapon (instrument used to injure, kill, or destroy)
    medību ierocis — hunting weapon
    šaujamais ierocis, šaujamierocis — firearm
    eksplozīvie ieroči — explosive weapons
    aukstie ieroči — blade (lit. cold) weapons
    masveida iznīcināšanas ieročiweapons of mass destruction
    bakterioloģiskie, bioloģiskie, ķīmiskie ieroči — bacteriological, biological, chemical weapons

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “ierocis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.