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Alternative forms[edit]


From in- +‎ pendeō (I am suspended, hang).



impendeō (present infinitive impendēre); second conjugation, no perfect

  1. I hang over, overhang.
  2. I hover over, threaten, impend; I am imminent.


   Conjugation of impendeo (second conjugation, defective)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present impendeō impendēs impendet impendēmus impendētis impendent
imperfect impendēbam impendēbās impendēbat impendēbāmus impendēbātis impendēbant
future impendēbō impendēbis impendēbit impendēbimus impendēbitis impendēbunt
passive present impendeor impendēris, impendēre impendētur impendēmur impendēminī impendentur
imperfect impendēbar impendēbāris, impendēbāre impendēbātur impendēbāmur impendēbāminī impendēbantur
future impendēbor impendēberis, impendēbere impendēbitur impendēbimur impendēbiminī impendēbuntur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present impendeam impendeās impendeat impendeāmus impendeātis impendeant
imperfect impendērem impendērēs impendēret impendērēmus impendērētis impendērent
passive present impendear impendeāris, impendeāre impendeātur impendeāmur impendeāminī impendeantur
imperfect impendērer impendērēris, impendērēre impendērētur impendērēmur impendērēminī impendērentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present impendē impendēte
future impendētō impendētō impendētōte impendentō
passive present impendēre impendēminī
future impendētor impendētor impendentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives impendēre impendērī
participles impendēns impendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
impendēre impendendī impendendō impendendum

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]



  • impendeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • impendeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • impendeo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a sword hangs over his neck: gladius cervicibus impendet
    • (ambiguous) dangers threaten a man: pericula alicui impendent, imminent
    • (ambiguous) to expend great labour on a thing: operam (laborem, curam) in or ad aliquid impendere
    • (ambiguous) the house threatens to fall in (vid. sect. X. 5, note 'Threaten'...): domus ruina impendet
    • (ambiguous) a war is imminent: bellum impendet, imminet, instat