iugerum

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *jougos, from Proto-Indo-European *yéwgos. The plural preserves the original consonant-stem (3rd declension) forms, while the singular was back-formed from the nominative-accusative plural as a 2nd declension noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iūgerum n ‎(variously declined, genitive iūgerī); second declension, third declension

  1. jugerum
    • ante 27 BC, M. Terentius Varro, Res Rusticae in Libri De Re Rustica (1514), bk I, ch. x, p. 29a:
      ILLE. Modos, ꝗbus metirentur rura, alius alios conſtituit. Na᷄ in Hiſpania ulteriore metiuntur iugis, in campania uerſibus, apud nos in agro Romano, ac latino iugeris.

Declension[edit]

Secondthird-declension hybrid neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative iūgerum iūgera
genitive iūgerī iūgerum
dative iūgerō iūgeribus
accusative iūgerum iūgera
ablative iūgerō iūgeribus
iūgerīs1
vocative iūgerum iūgera

1Once only, in:
M. Terentius Varro, Res Rusticae, bk I, ch. x

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]