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Hinde (1904) records kigŏă as an equivalent of English sugar cane in “Jogowini dialect” of Kikuyu, listing also Kamba iwa as its equivalent.[1]


  • IPA(key): /kèɣwǎ/, /kèɣoǎ/
As for Tonal Class, Armstrong (1940) classifies this term into mote class which includes mũtĩ, gĩkwa (pl. ikwa), gĩthaka, kĩnya, kĩrũũmi, mũcinga, mũgate, mũhaka, mũrũthi, njagĩ, njohi, nyũmba, etc.[2] Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 2 with a monosyllabic stem, together with mũtĩ, and so on.
  • (Kiambu)


kĩgwa class 7 (plural igwa)

  1. sugar cane; Kikuyu people use its juice for making alcoholic drink (njohi)


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hinde, Hildegarde (1904). Vocabularies of the Kamba and Kikuyu languages of East Africa, pp. 56–57. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).
  3. ^ Yukawa, Yasutoshi (1981). "A Tentative Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns: A Study of Limuru Dialect." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 22, 75–123.
  • gwa” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.