kurls

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Latvian[edit]

Kurlas meitenes

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a parallel form *kurt of the (old) verb kurst (to be(come) pierced, hollow, torn), derived with an extra -l (cf. also the dialectal form kursls, from kurst). The semantic evolution was: “with holes, hollow” > “having ears with holes, mutilated ears” > “not hearing well” > “deaf.” Cognates include Lithuanian kur̃čias, dialectal kur̃las, kur̃tas, Old Church Slavonic кърнъ (kŭrnŭ, mutilated (ears, nose)), Avestan karna-, Kurdish kerr.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

kurls (definite kurlais, comparative kurlāks, superlative viskurlākais, irregular adverb (none))

  1. deaf (not capable of hearing sounds)
    kurlas meitenesdeaf girls
    būt kurlam ar labo ausi — to be deaf on the right ear
    viņa bija pilnīgi kurla, sen jau atradinājusies klausīties un mēģināt saprast, ko citi runāja — she was completely deaf, she had long ago given up listening and trying to understand what others say
    ausis bija pilnīgi aizkritušas, viņš gāja kā kurls — (his) ears were completely closed, he walked as if deaf
    ausis kurlas no lādiņu kaucieniem un detonācijām — (his) ears (were) deaf from the howl and detonation of the (bomb)shells
  2. deaf (who does not want to listen; disobedient)
    būt kurlam pret labiem padomiem — to be deaf to good advice
    Ieva bija un palika pret šiem svarīgiem krusttēva pierādījumiem kurla — Ieva was and remained deaf to her uncle's important (pieces of) evidence

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Level intonation is the standard intonation for the term kurls (deaf) according to Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca, pronunciation with a broken intonation is very common, however.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “kurls” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.