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Old Norse[edit]


From Proto-Norse ᛚᚨᚢᚲᚨᛉ (laukaz), from Proto-Germanic *laukaz (leek). Cognate with Old English lēac, Old Saxon lōk, Old High German louh. Cognate with Proto-Slavic *lukъ and Finnish laukka, which are borrowings from the Proto-Germanic word. Possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *lewg- (to bend).


  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈlɑukr̩/


laukr m (genitive lauks, plural laukar)

  1. leek, garlic
    • Völsunga saga 32, in 1829, C. C. Rafn, Fornaldar sögur Nordrlanda, Volume I. Copenhagen, page 205:
      [] sem gull af járni, eða laukr af öðrum grösum, eða hjörtr af öðrum dýrum, []
      [] as gold from iron, or leek from other herbs or deer from other beasts, []


Derived terms[edit]


  • Norwegian Bokmål: løk n
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: lauk m
  • Swedish: lök c


  • laukr in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • laukr in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • laukr in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.