lauva

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See also: Lauva, Lauvā, and lauvā

Latvian[edit]

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 lauva on Latvian Wikipedia
Lauvas

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Middle High German louwe (cf. German Löwe), from Proto-Germanic *laujan, a borrowing from Latin leō. It has been suggested, on the basis of Lithuanian liū̃tas (lion), Russian лютый (ljutyj) зверь (ljútyj zver’, beast, lion), that there was an earlier Slavo-Balto-Germanic term with the root *liu-; if so, this term was lost very early on in Latvian, replaced by the Middle High German borrowing. First mentioned (as lavis, lauve) in 17th-century Bible translations. A family name Louvis is attested from the 16h century.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lauva m, f (4th declension, irregular gender, dative singular)

  1. lion in general (Panthera leo)
    lauvu mātīte, lauvenefemale lion, lioness
    dresēt lauvasto tame, train lions
    lauvas tiesathe lion's share, the biggest part
  2. specifically, a male lion

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The term lauva is ambigenous. It is masculine when it refers to males and feminine when it refers to females. It is, however, always declined as a feminine noun, with the exception of its dative singular form, which is lauvam when it refers to a male and lauvai when it refers to a female.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lauva”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

lauva n

  1. definite plural of lauv

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

lauva n

  1. plural definite of lauv