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See also: Lauva, Lauvā, and lauvā


 Lauva on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv


Alternative forms[edit]


A borrowing from Middle High German louwe (cf. German Löwe), from Proto-Germanic *laujan, a borrowing from Latin leō. It has been suggested, on the basis of Lithuanian liū̃tas ‎(lion), Russian лютый ‎(ljutyj) зверь ‎(ljútyj zver’, beast, lion), that there was an earlier Slavo-Balto-Germanic term with the root *liu-; if so, this term was lost very early on in Latvian, replaced by the Middle High German borrowing. First mentioned (as lavis, lauve) in 17th-century Bible translations. A family name Louvis is attested from the 16h century.[1]



lauva m, f (4th declension, irregular gender, dative singular)

  1. lion in general (Panthera leo)
    lauvu mātīte, lauvene — female lion, lioness
    dresēt lauvas — to tame, train lions
    lauvas tiesa — the lion's share, the biggest part
  2. specifically, a male lion


Usage notes[edit]

The term lauva is ambigenous. It is masculine when it refers to males and feminine when it refers to females. It is, however, always declined as a feminine noun, with the exception of its dative singular form, which is lauvam when it refers to a male and lauvai when it refers to a female.


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ “lauva” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


lauva n

  1. definite plural of lauv

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]


lauva n

  1. plural definite of lauv