- (grammar) The form in which the subject of a verb performs some action upon itself.
- an example that is handled by a reflexive pronoun:
- an example that is not resolved by a reflexive pronoun:
English once did but no longer has a middle (sometimes called the mediopassive) voice, but the examples demonstrate how it works. In highly inflected languages like ancient Greek and Icelandic, the middle voice has its own distinct verb form. For English, it is just a grammatical oddity, usually dealt with by the use of a reflexive pronoun.