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- (US, historical) A medium-sized plantation with about 20-49 slaves. Contrasted with small plantation or smallholding (19 or less slaves) and large plantation (50+ slaves).
- "A planter or large plantation held fifty or more slaves while a middling plantation or slaveholder owned twenty to forty-nine slaves. Thus, a small plantation was one on which there were nineteen or fewer slaves." (Wilma P. Dunaway, Slavery in the American Mountain South: "Introduction" 9, 2003)