moronic acid

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From morolic acid (the exocyclic hydroxy form), from mora (tree of genus Mora), morolic acid having been extracted from the species Mora excelsa.


moronic acid (uncountable)

  1. (chemistry) A triterpenoid organic acid that is found in Pistacia resin.
    • 2001, J. L. C. H. van Valkenburg, Ludivina S. De Padua, N. Bunyapraphatsara, Roeland Hendrikus Maria Julien Lemmens, Medicinal and Poisonous Plants, Part 2, page 471,
      Two major anti-HSV[Herpes Simplex Virus] compounds, moronic acid and betulonic acid, were isolated from the herbal extract using ethyl acetate at pH 10. Moronic acid was quantitatively the major anti-HSV compound in the ethyl acetate-soluble fraction.
    • 2008, Amanda J. Norbutus, thesis, Technical Investigation of the Materials and Methods Utilized in a Copy of a 17th Century Dutch Genre Painting: Gerrit Dou's Man Interrupted at His Writing (1635), page 23,
      However, a previous analysis of Steen's Supper at Emmaeus revealed that his varnish contains more moronic acid than other 17th century varnishes.49
    • 2012, Najeeb A. Shirwany, Ming-Hui Zou, The Ubiquitin Proteasome System in Endothelial Cell Dysfunction and Vascular Disease, Jonathon W. Homeister, Monte S, Willis (editors), Molecular and Translational Vascular Medicine, page 118,
      Synthetic inhibitors that are widely used in experimental studies are reversible peptide aldehyde inhibitors (e.g., MG132), irreversible moronic acid inhibitors (e.g., PS-341), and vinyl sulfone inhibitors (e.g., NLVS) [78].