murtunut

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

murtua (to break, to get broken) +‎ -nut

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmurtunut/, [ˈmurt̪unut̪]
  • Rhymes: -urtunut
  • Syllabification(key): mur‧tu‧nut

Adjective[edit]

murtunut (comparative murtuneempi, superlative murtunein)

  1. broken (bent to the point of coming apart)
  2. broken (defeated and dispirited)

Usage notes[edit]

The words murtunut and murrettu are both translated as "broken" into English. The difference in Finnish is that with the term murtunut the emphasis is in the result, whereas with murrettu the emphasis is in the action that leads to breaking. It indicates that the breaking was intentional and not e.g. a result of the forces of nature.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of murtunut (Kotus type 47/kuollut, no gradation)
nominative murtunut murtuneet
genitive murtuneen murtuneiden
murtuneitten
partitive murtunutta murtuneita
illative murtuneeseen murtuneisiin
murtuneihin
singular plural
nominative murtunut murtuneet
accusative nom. murtunut murtuneet
gen. murtuneen
genitive murtuneen murtuneiden
murtuneitten
partitive murtunutta murtuneita
inessive murtuneessa murtuneissa
elative murtuneesta murtuneista
illative murtuneeseen murtuneisiin
murtuneihin
adessive murtuneella murtuneilla
ablative murtuneelta murtuneilta
allative murtuneelle murtuneille
essive murtuneena murtuneina
translative murtuneeksi murtuneiksi
instructive murtunein
abessive murtuneetta murtuneitta
comitative murtuneine
Possessive forms of murtunut (type kuollut)
Rare. Only used with substantive adjectives.
possessor singular plural
1st person murtuneeni murtuneemme
2nd person murtuneesi murtuneenne
3rd person murtuneensa

Related terms[edit]

Participle[edit]

murtunut

  1. Past active participle of murtua.