nayiiłniih

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Navajo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

na- (atelic, circuital) + -y- (3rd person object prefix) + -hi- (seriative) + -Ø- (3rd person subject prefix) + -ł- (classifier)-niih (imperfective stem of root -NIIʼ, “to act with the hand”).

Verb[edit]

nayiiłniih

  1. he/she is buying it, selling it, bartering it
    Baa nayiiłniih — to buy it from him
    Bichʼįʼ nayiiłniih — to sell it to him
    Baa nahaniih (passive)— he sells it (lit. it is bought from him)

Conjugation[edit]

Paradigm: Continuative (Ø/si).

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person nahashniih nahiilniih nidahiilniih
2nd person nahíłniih nahołniih nidahołniih
3rd person nayiiłniih nidayiiłniih
4th person nijiiłniih nidajiiłniih
PERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person naháłniiʼ naheelniiʼ nidaheelniiʼ
2nd person nahíníłniiʼ nahisoołniiʼ nidahisoołniiʼ
3rd person nayiisniiʼ nidayiisniiʼ
4th person nijiisniiʼ nidajiisniiʼ
FUTURE singular duoplural plural
1st person nahideeshnih nahidiilnih ndahidiilnih
2nd person nahidííłnih nahidoołnih ndahidoołnih
3rd person neidiyoołnih ndeidiyoołnih
4th person nizhdiyoołnih ndazhdiyoołnih