ncenga

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Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-ncenga

  1. (transitive) to beseech, to urge
  2. (transitive) to ask
  3. Synonyms: -buza, -nxusa

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuncenga
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuncenga ukungancengi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular ncenga -ncenge
Plural ncengani -ncengeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyancenga, ngincenga engincengayo, engincenga ngincenga angincengi engingancengi ngingancengi
2nd singular uyancenga, uncenga oncengayo, oncenga uncenga awuncengi ongancengi ungancengi
1st plural siyancenga, sincenga esincengayo, esincenga sincenga asincengi esingancengi singancengi
2nd plural niyancenga, nincenga enincengayo, enincenga nincenga anincengi eningancengi ningancengi
Class 1 uyancenga, uncenga oncengayo, oncenga encenga akancengi ongancengi engancengi
Class 2 bayancenga, bancenga abancengayo, abancenga bencenga abancengi abangancengi bengancengi
Class 3 uyancenga, uncenga oncengayo, oncenga uncenga awuncengi ongancengi ungancengi
Class 4 iyancenga, incenga encengayo, encenga incenga ayincengi engancengi ingancengi
Class 5 liyancenga, lincenga elincengayo, elincenga lincenga alincengi elingancengi lingancengi
Class 6 ayancenga, ancenga ancengayo, ancenga encenga awancengi angancengi engancengi
Class 7 siyancenga, sincenga esincengayo, esincenga sincenga asincengi esingancengi singancengi
Class 8 ziyancenga, zincenga ezincengayo, ezincenga zincenga azincengi ezingancengi zingancengi
Class 9 iyancenga, incenga encengayo, encenga incenga ayincengi engancengi ingancengi
Class 10 ziyancenga, zincenga ezincengayo, ezincenga zincenga azincengi ezingancengi zingancengi
Class 11 luyancenga, luncenga oluncengayo, oluncenga luncenga aluncengi olungancengi lungancengi
Class 14 buyancenga, buncenga obuncengayo, obuncenga buncenga abuncengi obungancengi bungancengi
Class 15 kuyancenga, kuncenga okuncengayo, okuncenga kuncenga akuncengi okungancengi kungancengi
Class 17 kuyancenga, kuncenga okuncengayo, okuncenga kuncenga akuncengi okungancengi kungancengi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngincengile, ngincengē engincengile, engincengē ngincengile, ngincengē angincenganga engingancenganga ngingancenganga
2nd singular uncengile, uncengē oncengile, oncengē uncengile, uncengē awuncenganga ongancenganga ungancenganga
1st plural sincengile, sincengē esincengile, esincengē sincengile, sincengē asincenganga esingancenganga singancenganga
2nd plural nincengile, nincengē enincengile, enincengē nincengile, nincengē anincenganga eningancenganga ningancenganga
Class 1 uncengile, uncengē oncengile, oncengē encengile, encengē akancenganga ongancenganga engancenganga
Class 2 bancengile, bancengē abancengile, abancengē bencengile, bencengē abancenganga abangancenganga bengancenganga
Class 3 uncengile, uncengē oncengile, oncengē uncengile, uncengē awuncenganga ongancenganga ungancenganga
Class 4 incengile, incengē encengile, encengē incengile, incengē ayincenganga engancenganga ingancenganga
Class 5 lincengile, lincengē elincengile, elincengē lincengile, lincengē alincenganga elingancenganga lingancenganga
Class 6 ancengile, ancengē ancengile, ancengē encengile, encengē awancenganga angancenganga engancenganga
Class 7 sincengile, sincengē esincengile, esincengē sincengile, sincengē asincenganga esingancenganga singancenganga
Class 8 zincengile, zincengē ezincengile, ezincengē zincengile, zincengē azincenganga ezingancenganga zingancenganga
Class 9 incengile, incengē encengile, encengē incengile, incengē ayincenganga engancenganga ingancenganga
Class 10 zincengile, zincengē ezincengile, ezincengē zincengile, zincengē azincenganga ezingancenganga zingancenganga
Class 11 luncengile, luncengē oluncengile, oluncengē luncengile, luncengē aluncenganga olungancenganga lungancenganga
Class 14 buncengile, buncengē obuncengile, obuncengē buncengile, buncengē abuncenganga obungancenganga bungancenganga
Class 15 kuncengile, kuncengē okuncengile, okuncengē kuncengile, kuncengē akuncenganga okungancenganga kungancenganga
Class 17 kuncengile, kuncengē okuncengile, okuncengē kuncengile, kuncengē akuncenganga okungancenganga kungancenganga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāncenga engāncenga ngāncenga angincenganga engingancenganga ngingancenganga
2nd singular wāncenga owāncenga wāncenga awuncenganga ongancenganga ungancenganga
1st plural sāncenga esāncenga sāncenga asincenganga esingancenganga singancenganga
2nd plural nāncenga enāncenga nāncenga anincenganga eningancenganga ningancenganga
Class 1 wāncenga owāncenga āncenga akancenganga ongancenganga engancenganga
Class 2 bāncenga abāncenga bāncenga abancenganga abangancenganga bengancenganga
Class 3 wāncenga owāncenga wāncenga awuncenganga ongancenganga ungancenganga
Class 4 yāncenga eyāncenga yāncenga ayincenganga engancenganga ingancenganga
Class 5 lāncenga elāncenga lāncenga alincenganga elingancenganga lingancenganga
Class 6 āncenga āncenga āncenga awancenganga angancenganga engancenganga
Class 7 sāncenga esāncenga sāncenga asincenganga esingancenganga singancenganga
Class 8 zāncenga ezāncenga zāncenga azincenganga ezingancenganga zingancenganga
Class 9 yāncenga eyāncenga yāncenga ayincenganga engancenganga ingancenganga
Class 10 zāncenga ezāncenga zāncenga azincenganga ezingancenganga zingancenganga
Class 11 lwāncenga olwāncenga lwāncenga aluncenganga olungancenganga lungancenganga
Class 14 bāncenga obāncenga bāncenga abuncenganga obungancenganga bungancenganga
Class 15 kwāncenga okwāncenga kwāncenga akuncenganga okungancenganga kungancenganga
Class 17 kwāncenga okwāncenga kwāncenga akuncenganga okungancenganga kungancenganga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingancenga ngingancenga ngingencenge ngingencenge
2nd singular ungancenga ungancenga ungencenge ungencenge
1st plural singancenga singancenga singencenge singencenge
2nd plural ningancenga ningancenga ningencenge ningencenge
Class 1 angancenga engancenga angencenge engencenge
Class 2 bangancenga bengancenga bangencenge bengencenge
Class 3 ungancenga ungancenga ungencenge ungencenge
Class 4 ingancenga ingancenga ingencenge ingencenge
Class 5 lingancenga lingancenga lingencenge lingencenge
Class 6 angancenga engancenga angencenge engencenge
Class 7 singancenga singancenga singencenge singencenge
Class 8 zingancenga zingancenga zingencenge zingencenge
Class 9 ingancenga ingancenga ingencenge ingencenge
Class 10 zingancenga zingancenga zingencenge zingencenge
Class 11 lungancenga lungancenga lungencenge lungencenge
Class 14 bungancenga bungancenga bungencenge bungencenge
Class 15 kungancenga kungancenga kungencenge kungencenge
Class 17 kungancenga kungancenga kungencenge kungencenge
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizoncenga engizoncenga ngizoncenga angizuncenga engingezuncenga ngingezuncenga
2nd singular uzoncenga ozoncenga uzoncenga awuzuncenga ongezuncenga ungezuncenga
1st plural sizoncenga esizoncenga sizoncenga asizuncenga esingezuncenga singezuncenga
2nd plural nizoncenga enizoncenga nizoncenga anizuncenga eningezuncenga ningezuncenga
Class 1 uzoncenga ozoncenga ezoncenga akazuncenga ongezuncenga engezuncenga
Class 2 bazoncenga abazoncenga bezoncenga abazuncenga abangezuncenga bengezuncenga
Class 3 uzoncenga ozoncenga uzoncenga awuzuncenga ongezuncenga ungezuncenga
Class 4 izoncenga ezoncenga izoncenga ayizuncenga engezuncenga ingezuncenga
Class 5 lizoncenga elizoncenga lizoncenga alizuncenga elingezuncenga lingezuncenga
Class 6 azoncenga azoncenga ezoncenga awazuncenga angezuncenga engezuncenga
Class 7 sizoncenga esizoncenga sizoncenga asizuncenga esingezuncenga singezuncenga
Class 8 zizoncenga ezizoncenga zizoncenga azizuncenga ezingezuncenga zingezuncenga
Class 9 izoncenga ezoncenga izoncenga ayizuncenga engezuncenga ingezuncenga
Class 10 zizoncenga ezizoncenga zizoncenga azizuncenga ezingezuncenga zingezuncenga
Class 11 luzoncenga oluzoncenga luzoncenga aluzuncenga olungezuncenga lungezuncenga
Class 14 buzoncenga obuzoncenga buzoncenga abuzuncenga obungezuncenga bungezuncenga
Class 15 kuzoncenga okuzoncenga kuzoncenga akuzuncenga okungezuncenga kungezuncenga
Class 17 kuzoncenga okuzoncenga kuzoncenga akuzuncenga okungezuncenga kungezuncenga
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyoncenga engiyoncenga ngiyoncenga angiyuncenga engingeyuncenga ngingeyuncenga
2nd singular uyoncenga oyoncenga uyoncenga awuyuncenga ongeyuncenga ungeyuncenga
1st plural siyoncenga esiyoncenga siyoncenga asiyuncenga esingeyuncenga singeyuncenga
2nd plural niyoncenga eniyoncenga niyoncenga aniyuncenga eningeyuncenga ningeyuncenga
Class 1 uyoncenga oyoncenga eyoncenga akayuncenga ongeyuncenga engeyuncenga
Class 2 bayoncenga abayoncenga beyoncenga abayuncenga abangeyuncenga bengeyuncenga
Class 3 uyoncenga oyoncenga uyoncenga awuyuncenga ongeyuncenga ungeyuncenga
Class 4 iyoncenga eyoncenga iyoncenga ayiyuncenga engeyuncenga ingeyuncenga
Class 5 liyoncenga eliyoncenga liyoncenga aliyuncenga elingeyuncenga lingeyuncenga
Class 6 ayoncenga ayoncenga eyoncenga awayuncenga angeyuncenga engeyuncenga
Class 7 siyoncenga esiyoncenga siyoncenga asiyuncenga esingeyuncenga singeyuncenga
Class 8 ziyoncenga eziyoncenga ziyoncenga aziyuncenga ezingeyuncenga zingeyuncenga
Class 9 iyoncenga eyoncenga iyoncenga ayiyuncenga engeyuncenga ingeyuncenga
Class 10 ziyoncenga eziyoncenga ziyoncenga aziyuncenga ezingeyuncenga zingeyuncenga
Class 11 luyoncenga oluyoncenga luyoncenga aluyuncenga olungeyuncenga lungeyuncenga
Class 14 buyoncenga obuyoncenga buyoncenga abuyuncenga obungeyuncenga bungeyuncenga
Class 15 kuyoncenga okuyoncenga kuyoncenga akuyuncenga okungeyuncenga kungeyuncenga
Class 17 kuyoncenga okuyoncenga kuyoncenga akuyuncenga okungeyuncenga kungeyuncenga
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngincenge ngingancengi
2nd singular uncenge ungancengi
1st plural sincenge singancengi
2nd plural nincenge ningancengi
Class 1 ancenge angancengi
Class 2 bancenge bangancengi
Class 3 uncenge ungancengi
Class 4 incenge ingancengi
Class 5 lincenge lingancengi
Class 6 ancenge angancengi
Class 7 sincenge singancengi
Class 8 zincenge zingancengi
Class 9 incenge ingancengi
Class 10 zincenge zingancengi
Class 11 luncenge lungancengi
Class 14 buncenge bungancengi
Class 15 kuncenge kungancengi
Class 17 kuncenge kungancengi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngancenga ngangancenga, angancenga, angangancenga
2nd singular wancenga wangancenga, awancenga, awangancenga
1st plural sancenga sangancenga, asancenga, asangancenga
2nd plural nancenga nangancenga, anancenga, anangancenga
Class 1 wancenga wangancenga, akancenga, akangancenga
Class 2 bancenga bangancenga, abancenga, abangancenga
Class 3 wancenga wangancenga, awancenga, awangancenga
Class 4 yancenga yangancenga, ayancenga, ayangancenga
Class 5 lancenga langancenga, alancenga, alangancenga
Class 6 ancenga angancenga, awancenga, awangancenga
Class 7 sancenga sangancenga, asancenga, asangancenga
Class 8 zancenga zangancenga, azancenga, azangancenga
Class 9 yancenga yangancenga, ayancenga, ayangancenga
Class 10 zancenga zangancenga, azancenga, azangancenga
Class 11 lwancenga lwangancenga, alwancenga, alwangancenga
Class 14 bancenga bangancenga, abancenga, abangancenga
Class 15 kwancenga kwangancenga, akwancenga, akwangancenga
Class 17 kwancenga kwangancenga, akwancenga, akwangancenga

References[edit]