ngena

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Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-jíngɪda.

Verb[edit]

-ngéna

  1. to enter, to go into [+locative]

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-jíngɪda.

Verb[edit]

-ngéna

  1. to enter, to go into [+locative]

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-jíngɪda.

Verb[edit]

-ngéna

  1. to enter, to go into [+locative]

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-jíngɪda.

Verb[edit]

-ngéna

  1. to enter, to go into [+locative]
  2. to invade [+locative]
  3. to begin (of a season)

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukungena
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukungena ukungangeni
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular ngena -ngene
Plural ngenani -ngeneni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyangena, ngingena engingenayo, engingena ngingena angingeni engingangeni ngingangeni
2nd singular uyangena, ungena ongenayo, ongena ungena awungeni ongangeni ungangeni
1st plural siyangena, singena esingenayo, esingena singena asingeni esingangeni singangeni
2nd plural niyangena, ningena eningenayo, eningena ningena aningeni eningangeni ningangeni
Class 1 uyangena, ungena ongenayo, ongena engena akangeni ongangeni engangeni
Class 2 bayangena, bangena abangenayo, abangena bengena abangeni abangangeni bengangeni
Class 3 uyangena, ungena ongenayo, ongena ungena awungeni ongangeni ungangeni
Class 4 iyangena, ingena engenayo, engena ingena ayingeni engangeni ingangeni
Class 5 liyangena, lingena elingenayo, elingena lingena alingeni elingangeni lingangeni
Class 6 ayangena, angena angenayo, angena engena awangeni angangeni engangeni
Class 7 siyangena, singena esingenayo, esingena singena asingeni esingangeni singangeni
Class 8 ziyangena, zingena ezingenayo, ezingena zingena azingeni ezingangeni zingangeni
Class 9 iyangena, ingena engenayo, engena ingena ayingeni engangeni ingangeni
Class 10 ziyangena, zingena ezingenayo, ezingena zingena azingeni ezingangeni zingangeni
Class 11 luyangena, lungena olungenayo, olungena lungena alungeni olungangeni lungangeni
Class 14 buyangena, bungena obungenayo, obungena bungena abungeni obungangeni bungangeni
Class 15 kuyangena, kungena okungenayo, okungena kungena akungeni okungangeni kungangeni
Class 17 kuyangena, kungena okungenayo, okungena kungena akungeni okungangeni kungangeni
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingenile, ngingenē engingenile, engingenē ngingenile, ngingenē angingenanga engingangenanga ngingangenanga
2nd singular ungenile, ungenē ongenile, ongenē ungenile, ungenē awungenanga ongangenanga ungangenanga
1st plural singenile, singenē esingenile, esingenē singenile, singenē asingenanga esingangenanga singangenanga
2nd plural ningenile, ningenē eningenile, eningenē ningenile, ningenē aningenanga eningangenanga ningangenanga
Class 1 ungenile, ungenē ongenile, ongenē engenile, engenē akangenanga ongangenanga engangenanga
Class 2 bangenile, bangenē abangenile, abangenē bengenile, bengenē abangenanga abangangenanga bengangenanga
Class 3 ungenile, ungenē ongenile, ongenē ungenile, ungenē awungenanga ongangenanga ungangenanga
Class 4 ingenile, ingenē engenile, engenē ingenile, ingenē ayingenanga engangenanga ingangenanga
Class 5 lingenile, lingenē elingenile, elingenē lingenile, lingenē alingenanga elingangenanga lingangenanga
Class 6 angenile, angenē angenile, angenē engenile, engenē awangenanga angangenanga engangenanga
Class 7 singenile, singenē esingenile, esingenē singenile, singenē asingenanga esingangenanga singangenanga
Class 8 zingenile, zingenē ezingenile, ezingenē zingenile, zingenē azingenanga ezingangenanga zingangenanga
Class 9 ingenile, ingenē engenile, engenē ingenile, ingenē ayingenanga engangenanga ingangenanga
Class 10 zingenile, zingenē ezingenile, ezingenē zingenile, zingenē azingenanga ezingangenanga zingangenanga
Class 11 lungenile, lungenē olungenile, olungenē lungenile, lungenē alungenanga olungangenanga lungangenanga
Class 14 bungenile, bungenē obungenile, obungenē bungenile, bungenē abungenanga obungangenanga bungangenanga
Class 15 kungenile, kungenē okungenile, okungenē kungenile, kungenē akungenanga okungangenanga kungangenanga
Class 17 kungenile, kungenē okungenile, okungenē kungenile, kungenē akungenanga okungangenanga kungangenanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāngena engāngena ngāngena angingenanga engingangenanga ngingangenanga
2nd singular wāngena owāngena wāngena awungenanga ongangenanga ungangenanga
1st plural sāngena esāngena sāngena asingenanga esingangenanga singangenanga
2nd plural nāngena enāngena nāngena aningenanga eningangenanga ningangenanga
Class 1 wāngena owāngena āngena akangenanga ongangenanga engangenanga
Class 2 bāngena abāngena bāngena abangenanga abangangenanga bengangenanga
Class 3 wāngena owāngena wāngena awungenanga ongangenanga ungangenanga
Class 4 yāngena eyāngena yāngena ayingenanga engangenanga ingangenanga
Class 5 lāngena elāngena lāngena alingenanga elingangenanga lingangenanga
Class 6 āngena āngena āngena awangenanga angangenanga engangenanga
Class 7 sāngena esāngena sāngena asingenanga esingangenanga singangenanga
Class 8 zāngena ezāngena zāngena azingenanga ezingangenanga zingangenanga
Class 9 yāngena eyāngena yāngena ayingenanga engangenanga ingangenanga
Class 10 zāngena ezāngena zāngena azingenanga ezingangenanga zingangenanga
Class 11 lwāngena olwāngena lwāngena alungenanga olungangenanga lungangenanga
Class 14 bāngena obāngena bāngena abungenanga obungangenanga bungangenanga
Class 15 kwāngena okwāngena kwāngena akungenanga okungangenanga kungangenanga
Class 17 kwāngena okwāngena kwāngena akungenanga okungangenanga kungangenanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingangena ngingangena ngingengene ngingengene
2nd singular ungangena ungangena ungengene ungengene
1st plural singangena singangena singengene singengene
2nd plural ningangena ningangena ningengene ningengene
Class 1 angangena engangena angengene engengene
Class 2 bangangena bengangena bangengene bengengene
Class 3 ungangena ungangena ungengene ungengene
Class 4 ingangena ingangena ingengene ingengene
Class 5 lingangena lingangena lingengene lingengene
Class 6 angangena engangena angengene engengene
Class 7 singangena singangena singengene singengene
Class 8 zingangena zingangena zingengene zingengene
Class 9 ingangena ingangena ingengene ingengene
Class 10 zingangena zingangena zingengene zingengene
Class 11 lungangena lungangena lungengene lungengene
Class 14 bungangena bungangena bungengene bungengene
Class 15 kungangena kungangena kungengene kungengene
Class 17 kungangena kungangena kungengene kungengene
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizongena engizongena ngizongena angizungena engingezungena ngingezungena
2nd singular uzongena ozongena uzongena awuzungena ongezungena ungezungena
1st plural sizongena esizongena sizongena asizungena esingezungena singezungena
2nd plural nizongena enizongena nizongena anizungena eningezungena ningezungena
Class 1 uzongena ozongena ezongena akazungena ongezungena engezungena
Class 2 bazongena abazongena bezongena abazungena abangezungena bengezungena
Class 3 uzongena ozongena uzongena awuzungena ongezungena ungezungena
Class 4 izongena ezongena izongena ayizungena engezungena ingezungena
Class 5 lizongena elizongena lizongena alizungena elingezungena lingezungena
Class 6 azongena azongena ezongena awazungena angezungena engezungena
Class 7 sizongena esizongena sizongena asizungena esingezungena singezungena
Class 8 zizongena ezizongena zizongena azizungena ezingezungena zingezungena
Class 9 izongena ezongena izongena ayizungena engezungena ingezungena
Class 10 zizongena ezizongena zizongena azizungena ezingezungena zingezungena
Class 11 luzongena oluzongena luzongena aluzungena olungezungena lungezungena
Class 14 buzongena obuzongena buzongena abuzungena obungezungena bungezungena
Class 15 kuzongena okuzongena kuzongena akuzungena okungezungena kungezungena
Class 17 kuzongena okuzongena kuzongena akuzungena okungezungena kungezungena
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyongena engiyongena ngiyongena angiyungena engingeyungena ngingeyungena
2nd singular uyongena oyongena uyongena awuyungena ongeyungena ungeyungena
1st plural siyongena esiyongena siyongena asiyungena esingeyungena singeyungena
2nd plural niyongena eniyongena niyongena aniyungena eningeyungena ningeyungena
Class 1 uyongena oyongena eyongena akayungena ongeyungena engeyungena
Class 2 bayongena abayongena beyongena abayungena abangeyungena bengeyungena
Class 3 uyongena oyongena uyongena awuyungena ongeyungena ungeyungena
Class 4 iyongena eyongena iyongena ayiyungena engeyungena ingeyungena
Class 5 liyongena eliyongena liyongena aliyungena elingeyungena lingeyungena
Class 6 ayongena ayongena eyongena awayungena angeyungena engeyungena
Class 7 siyongena esiyongena siyongena asiyungena esingeyungena singeyungena
Class 8 ziyongena eziyongena ziyongena aziyungena ezingeyungena zingeyungena
Class 9 iyongena eyongena iyongena ayiyungena engeyungena ingeyungena
Class 10 ziyongena eziyongena ziyongena aziyungena ezingeyungena zingeyungena
Class 11 luyongena oluyongena luyongena aluyungena olungeyungena lungeyungena
Class 14 buyongena obuyongena buyongena abuyungena obungeyungena bungeyungena
Class 15 kuyongena okuyongena kuyongena akuyungena okungeyungena kungeyungena
Class 17 kuyongena okuyongena kuyongena akuyungena okungeyungena kungeyungena
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngingene ngingangeni
2nd singular ungene ungangeni
1st plural singene singangeni
2nd plural ningene ningangeni
Class 1 angene angangeni
Class 2 bangene bangangeni
Class 3 ungene ungangeni
Class 4 ingene ingangeni
Class 5 lingene lingangeni
Class 6 angene angangeni
Class 7 singene singangeni
Class 8 zingene zingangeni
Class 9 ingene ingangeni
Class 10 zingene zingangeni
Class 11 lungene lungangeni
Class 14 bungene bungangeni
Class 15 kungene kungangeni
Class 17 kungene kungangeni
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngangena ngangangena, angangena, angangangena
2nd singular wangena wangangena, awangena, awangangena
1st plural sangena sangangena, asangena, asangangena
2nd plural nangena nangangena, anangena, anangangena
Class 1 wangena wangangena, akangena, akangangena
Class 2 bangena bangangena, abangena, abangangena
Class 3 wangena wangangena, awangena, awangangena
Class 4 yangena yangangena, ayangena, ayangangena
Class 5 langena langangena, alangena, alangangena
Class 6 angena angangena, awangena, awangangena
Class 7 sangena sangangena, asangena, asangangena
Class 8 zangena zangangena, azangena, azangangena
Class 9 yangena yangangena, ayangena, ayangangena
Class 10 zangena zangangena, azangena, azangangena
Class 11 lwangena lwangangena, alwangena, alwangangena
Class 14 bangena bangangena, abangena, abangangena
Class 15 kwangena kwangangena, akwangena, akwangangena
Class 17 kwangena kwangangena, akwangena, akwangangena

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]