niebo

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See also: niebò

Masurian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish niebo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɲɛbɔ]
  • Syllabification: nie‧bo

Noun[edit]

niebo n

  1. sky (atmosphere above a given point, especially as visible from the surface of the Earth as the place where the sun, moon, stars, and clouds are seen)
  2. (religion) heaven (abode of God or the gods, traditionally conceived as beyond the sky; afterlife of the blessed dead, traditionally conceived as opposed to an afterlife of the wicked and unjust)
  3. (anatomy) palate (roof of the mouth)
  4. vault of a bread oven
  5. canopy over a bed

Further reading[edit]

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021), “niebo”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur, volume 4, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, page 299

Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *nebò. First attested in the 14th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /ɲɛbɔ/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ɲɛbɔ/

Noun[edit]

niebo n (related adjective niebieski)

  1. sky; heaven
    Synonyms: niebiosa, niebie
    • Beginning of the 15th century, Kazania gnieźnieńskie[1], page 1b:
      Isczy on nebo y szemø osfecza
      [Iżci on niebo i ziemię oświeca]
    • 1930 [Fifteenth century], “Neh”, in Ludwik Bernacki, editor, Biblia królowej Zofii (Biblia szaroszpatacka)[2], 9, 6:
      Ti gesz vczinyl nyebo y nyebo nyebyos (caelum et caelum caelorum), y wszitkø voyskø gich
      [Ty jeś uczynił niebo i niebo niebios (caelum et caelum caelorum), i wszytkę wojskę jich]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Related terms[edit]

nouns

Descendants[edit]

  • Masurian: niebo
  • Polish: niebo
  • Silesian: niebo

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish niebo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɲɛ.bɔ/
  • (Middle Polish) IPA(key): /ˈɲɛ.bɔ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛbɔ
  • Syllabification: nie‧bo

Noun[edit]

niebo n

  1. sky (atmosphere above a given point, especially as visible from the surface of the Earth as the place where the sun, moon, stars, and clouds are seen)
    Synonyms: błękit, firmament, niebiosa, nieboskłon
  2. (religion) heaven (abode of God or the gods, traditionally conceived as beyond the sky; afterlife of the blessed dead, traditionally conceived as opposed to an afterlife of the wicked and unjust)
    Synonyms: Królestwo Niebieskie, niebiosa, raj
    Coordinate term: piekło
    Alternative form: Niebo
  3. (religion) God
    Synonyms: Bóg, Najwyższy, niebiosa, Opatrzność, Stworzyciel, Stwórca, Wiekuisty, Wszechmocny
    Alternative form: Niebo
  4. (figuratively) heaven (bliss, extreme happiness or pleasure)
    Synonym: raj
  5. (obsolete, figuratively) sky (part of the sky which can be seen from a specific place or at a specific time; its climate, condition, etc.)
  6. (Middle Polish) sky; Further details are uncertain.
    • 1528, J. Murmelius, Dictionarius[3], page 2:
      Coelum, [...] Der hymmel. Nyebo.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
adverbs
interjections
nouns
particles
phrases
verbs
verbs

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), niebo is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 8 times in scientific texts, 2 times in news, 2 times in essays, 33 times in fiction, and 20 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 65 times, making it the 1010th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “niebo”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 280

Further reading[edit]

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish niebo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɲɛbɔ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛbɔ
  • Syllabification: nie‧bo

Noun[edit]

niebo n (related adjective niebieski)

  1. sky (atmosphere above a given point, especially as visible from the surface of the Earth as the place where the sun, moon, stars, and clouds are seen)
  2. (religion) heaven (abode of God or the gods, traditionally conceived as beyond the sky; afterlife of the blessed dead, traditionally conceived as opposed to an afterlife of the wicked and unjust)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Further reading[edit]

  • niebo in dykcjonorz.eu
  • niebo in silling.org
  • Henryk Jaroszewicz (2022), “niebo”, in Zasady pisowni języka śląskiego (in Polish), Siedlce: Wydawnictwo Naukowe IKR[i]BL, page 101
  • Aleksandra Wencel (2023), “ńebo”, in Dykcjůnôrz ślų̊sko-polski, page 456