officer-involved shooting

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

officer-involved shooting (plural officer-involved shootings)

  1. (US) An incident in which a police officer shoots at another person.

Usage notes[edit]

The term is exclusively used to refer to shootings committed by police, not shootings committed by other people where police are present. Beyond that no standard definition exists,[1] and usage differs regarding whether the shooting must be intentional, whether the person must be hit, and whether the officer must be on duty at the time. For example:

San Francisco Police Department:
An officer's discharge of a firearm that results in the physical injury or death of a person, even if it is an accidental discharge.[2]
Anchorage Police Department:
An incident in which a sworn employee of the Anchorage Police Department purposefully discharged a firearm at a human being.[3]
Austin Police Department:
An incident in which an officer fired his/her firearm intentionally at a subject;
an incident in which an officer fired his/her firearm unintentionally and struck a subject;
or an incident in which an officer used a less-lethal firearm, struck the subject, and contributed to the subject’s death. [4]
International Association of Chiefs of Police:
A discharge of a service weapon by an officer during a hostile encounter or an accidental discharge, while on-duty or off-duty, irrespective of injuries to suspects, officers, or third parties.[5]

Originally used by police departments and adopted by journalists, the term has been criticized as an intentionally misleading euphemism that obscures police agency.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Public Safety Open Data Portal. Officer Involved Shootings
  2. ^ San Francisco Police Department (2005). Investigation of Officer Involved Shootings and Discharges
  3. ^ Anchorage Police Department (2013). Officer-Involved Shootings in Anchorage 1993 – 2013
  4. ^ Austin Police Department (2015). Officer-Involved Shootings: 2000-2014)
  5. ^ Public Safety Open Data Portal. Officer Involved Shootings
  6. ^ Pareene, Alex (2015). The Dish. Stop Saying “Officer-Involved Shootings”
  7. ^ Lennard, Natasha (2014). Vice. Some NYPD Officer-Involved Shooting Narratives Just Don't Fly