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A pantograph for drawing
An original-style diamond rail pantograph


From French pantographe, from panto- (from Ancient Greek παντός (pantós), genitive singular of πᾶν (pân, all)) and -graphe (from γράφειν (gráphein, to write))


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpantəɡɹɑːf/, /ˈpantəɡɹaf/


pantograph (plural pantographs)

  1. A mechanical linkage based on parallelograms causing two objects to move in parallel; notably as a drawing aid.
    A pantograph can be adjusted to make either scaled or exact copies.
  2. A pattern printed on a document to reduce the ease of photocopying.
    I was impressed by the quality of the pantograph; I hadn't noticed it on the original, but the copies were covered in unpleasant lines.
  3. (rail transport) A similarly-formed conductive device, now usually Z-shaped, that collects electric current from overhead lines for trains and trams.

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
A modern Z-shaped rail pantograph

Further reading[edit]


pantograph (third-person singular simple present pantographs, present participle pantographing, simple past and past participle pantographed)

  1. To engrave by means of a pantograph (parallel linkage) system.

Further reading[edit]