philanthropy

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin philanthropia and Middle French philanthropie, from Ancient Greek φίλος ‎(phílos, friend) (from φίλω ‎(phílō, I like, I love)) + ἄνθρωπος ‎(ánthrōpos, man; human); analysable as phil- +‎ -anthropy.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

philanthropy ‎(countable and uncountable, plural philanthropies)

  1. (uncountable) Benevolent altruism with the intention of increasing the well-being of mankind.
  2. Charitable giving, charity.
    As public funding is reduced, we depend increasingly on private philanthropy.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[1]:
      I have tried, as I hinted, to enlist the co-operation of other capitalists, but experience has taught me that any appeal is futile that does not impinge directly upon cupidity. If there is the least hint of philanthropy in the project, every man of money fights shy of it.
  3. A philanthropic act.
    His tombstone lists his various philanthropies.
  4. A charitable foundation.
    the Rockefeller philanthropies

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