piens

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Ladin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

piens m pl

  1. plural of pien

Latvian[edit]

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 piens on Latvian Wikipedia
Piens

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *pienas, from Proto-Indo-European *peynos, *poyHnos, from the stem *pey-, *poyH-, *pī- (to be fat) (perhaps from earlier “to swell”). The meaning evolved from “fat, swollen” to “(breasts) full of milk” and finally “milk.” There was an old Proto-Baltic verb *pīti (to give milk), from which comes dialectal Lithuanian pýti (to give milk); the corresponding Latvian term disappeared, perhaps because of homophony with pīt (to braid, to weave). Cognates include Lithuanian píenas (milk), Sanskrit पयते (páyate, to swell, to be too full), पयस् (páyas, fluid, water, milk, rain), Avestan 𐬞𐬌𐬞𐬌𐬌𐬏𐬱𐬌 (pipyūši-, having milk in her breasts), Persian پینو (pīnū, buttermilk), Middle Persian pēm (milk), Estonian piim (milk), Finnish piimä (buttermilk), Latin opīmus (fat, plump; fruitful). [1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

piens m (1st declension)

  1. milk (nourishing liquid secreted by mammal females)
    mātes piens, krūts piens' mother's milk, breast milk
    piena dziedzerimammary (lit. milk) glands
    govs, kazas, ķēves pienscow's, goat's, horse's milk
    piena ēdieni, produktidairy foods, products
    piena kokteilismilk shake (lit. milk cocktail)
    piena saldējumsice-cream (lit. frozen milk)
    kafija ar pienucoffee with milk
    pasterizēts pienspasteurized milk
    kondensēts pienscondensed milk

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “piens”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7