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- Of a calendar, extrapolated to dates prior to its first adoption; of those used to adjust to or from the Julian calendar or Gregorian calendar.
- Of an event, assigned a date that is too early.
- (rhetoric) Anticipating and answering objections before they have been raised; procataleptic.
- 1877, W. B. Pope., A Compendium of Christian Theology, Volume 2, Wesleyan Conference Office, 2 Castle Street, Coty Road; Sold at 66, Paternoster Row, p. 348:
- It must be always remembered that this was the object for which the Three Chapters which the Predestinarians have taken refuge in: they were written in fact as a proleptical refutation of such views.
- 1925, John Dewey. Experience and Nature In The Later Works of John Dewey, Vol. 1, Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale (IL), p. 150:
- When we name an event, calling it fire, we speak proleptically; we do not name an immediate event; that is impossible. We employ a term of discourse; we invoke a meaning, namely, the potential consequence of the existence.
- 1989, W. Paul Jones. Theological Worlds Abingdon Press, Nashville, p. 151:
- In World Two, Jesus can be seen as the proleptic event, giving promise of God's vindication of creation in and through history.
- (Anticipating and answering objections): anticipatory
calendar: extrapolated to dates prior to its first adoption