raža

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See also: raza, rază, and ražā

Latvian[edit]

Raža

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *rad-yā, from the same stem as rast(to find) (< *rad-ti; q.v.). The original meaning was “blossoming,” “development.” The modern meaning results from 19th-century Russian influence: writers like J. Alunāns and K. Valdemārs defined it in comparison to Russian урожай(urožaj) and German Ertrag. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *urodjajь (Russian, Ukrainian урожай(urožaj), Ukrainian врожай(vrožaj), урожа(uróža).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

raža f (4th declension)

  1. harvest, yield (production obtained from plantations, gardens, less often herds)
    bagāta, laba raža‎ ― rich, good harvest
    slikta raža‎ ― bad harvest
    jauna raža‎ ― new harvest
    rudzu, kartupeļu, ābolu raža‎ ― rye, potato, apple harvest
    novākt ražu‎ ― to harvest (lit. to gather, to reap the harvest)
  2. (figuratively, of people) oeuvre, production (body of work, especially artistic, intellectual)
    latviešu stāstu raža'‎ ― harvest (= production) of Latvian stories
    bagāta un daudzpusīga ir Anatola Fransa romānu raža‎ ― rich and diversified is Anatole France's novel harvest (= oeuvre)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “raža”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7