raža

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See also: raza, rază, and ražā

Latvian[edit]

Raža

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *rad-yā, from the same stem as rast (to find) (< *rad-ti; q.v.). The original meaning was “blossoming,” “development.” The modern meaning results from 19th-century Russian influence: writers like J. Alunāns and K. Valdemārs defined it in comparison to Russian урожай (urožaj) and German Ertrag. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *urodjajь (Russian, Ukrainian урожай (urožaj), Ukrainian врожай (vrožaj), урожа (uróža).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

raža f (4th declension)

  1. harvest, yield (production obtained from plantations, gardens, less often herds)
    bagāta, laba ražarich, good harvest
    slikta ražabad harvest
    jauna ražanew harvest
    rudzu, kartupeļu, ābolu ražarye, potato, apple harvest
    novākt ražuto harvest (lit. to gather, to reap the harvest)
  2. (figuratively, of people) oeuvre, production (body of work, especially artistic, intellectual)
    latviešu stāstu raža' harvest (= production) of Latvian stories
    bagāta un daudzpusīga ir Anatola Fransa romānu ražarich and diversified is Anatole France's novel harvest (= oeuvre)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “raža”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7