raža

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See also: raza, rază, and ražā

Latvian[edit]

Raža

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *rad-yā, from the same stem as rast ‎(to find) (< *rad-ti; q.v.). The original meaning was “blossoming,” “development.” The modern meaning results from 19th-century Russian influence: writers like J. Alunāns and K. Valdemārs defined it in comparison to Russian урожай ‎(urožaj) and German Ertrag. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *urodjajь (Russian, Ukrainian урожай ‎(urožaj), Ukrainian врожай ‎(vrožaj), урожа ‎(uróža).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

raža f (4th declension)

  1. harvest, yield (production obtained from plantations, gardens, less often herds)
    bagāta, laba raža — rich, good harvest
    slikta raža — bad harvest
    jauna raža — new harvest
    rudzu, kartupeļu, ābolu raža — rye, potato, apple harvest
    novākt ražu — to harvest (lit. to gather, to reap the harvest)
  2. (figuratively, of people) oeuvre, production (body of work, especially artistic, intellectual)
    latviešu stāstu raža — harvest (= production) of Latvian stories
    bagāta un daudzpusīga ir Anatola Fransa romānu raža — rich and diversified is Anatole France's novel harvest (= oeuvre)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “raža” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7