septentrio

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From septem (seven) +‎ triō (plow ox”; “Ursa Major”, “Ursa Minor), from terere (to rub), the Latin name of both Ursa Major or Ursa Minor, from their appearance of milling around the current north star Polaris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

septentriō m (genitive septentriōnis); third declension

  1. Ursa Major, Charles' Wain
  2. Ursa Minor, the constellation including the most recent pole star
  3. The north
  4. Borealis or Boreas, the north wind

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative septentriō septentriōnēs
genitive septentriōnis septentriōnum
dative septentriōnī septentriōnibus
accusative septentriōnem septentriōnēs
ablative septentriōne septentriōnibus
vocative septentriō septentriōnēs

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • septentrio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • septentrio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • septentrio” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lie to the east, west, south, north: spectare in (vergere ad) orientem (solem), occidentem (solem), ad meridiem, in septentriones
    • to be situate to the north-west: spectare inter occasum solis et septentriones
    • a hill lies to the north: est a septentrionibus collis
    • to stretch northwards: porrigi ad septentriones
  • septentriōnēs” on page 1917/2 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (2nd ed., 2012)